A story of pride, tradition and more importantly deeply rooted history. The Adire was first produced in Jojola’s compound of Kemta, Abeokuta by Chief Mrs. Miniya Jojolola Soetan, the second Iyalode (Head of Women) of Egba land. By Norma H. Wolff. A publication on Tie-Dye US has it that, tie and dye became all the rage during the Vietnam War period. 2. In some situations, seeds or pebbles are sometimes tied into the cloth to create patterns. The city is reputed to be the capital of the adire industry in Nigeria. An exposé of the history and development of Adire will reveal the design orientation and the semiotics of Adire. This craft can now be taught in institutions. Adire is the name given to indigo dyed cloth produced by Yoruba women of south western Nigeria using a variety of resist dye techniques. [5] With the introduction of a broader color palette of imported synthetic dyes in the second half … Adireis a resist-dyed cloth produced and worn by the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria in West Africa. This is a tie and dye process of making cloth using the Indigo plant extract and the now usage of caustic soda and dye to make what is called Kampala. It’s believed that Orunmila was inspired by mat… History of trade and fashion is not complete in the South-Western part of Nigeria without mentioning the art of Adire. The earliest pieces of this type were probably simple tied designs on cotton cloth handspun and woven locally (rather like those still produced in Mali), but in the early decades of the 20th century new access to large quantities of imported shirting material via the spread of European textile merchants in Abeokuta and other Yoruba towns caused a boom in these women's entrepreneurial and artistic efforts, making adire a major local craft in Abeokuta and Ibadan, attracting buyers from all over West Africa. According to history, clothes have not … [2] Adire. When British trading firms introduced cheap imported cloth and flooded the market with colorful inexpensive printed textiles, … In the western Yoruba city of Abeokuta founded in the 1830s, two forms of the indigo-dyed cloths known as adire developed with the advent of factory-woven cotton shirting. References Adire Backpack by The Potters Signature A fashion that came as a result of scarcity. The clothes were usually made up of two strips of factory-produced cotton, sewn together to form a roughly square shape, and worn as wraps around the body. According to Wikipedia, there are three primary resist techniques used in Nigeria presently: Itoku, a community in Abeokuta, Ogun State, is popularly known for the making of Adire and Kampala, indigenous fabrics of Egba. As the translation of the name suggests, the earliest pieces of Adire were probably simple tied designs on cotton cloth handspun and woven locally. These days, they are made in a number of various techniques and styles. For a long time, people who were not from a certain family were not allowed to partake in adire production as it was a part of the family’s heritage. etymological and semantic definitions as has been done here. It’s a story that dates back to the late 20th century, emerging from Abeokuta, a city which inhabits the southwestern region of Nigeria. Laide Raheem, Abeokuta. [6] Florence Lucie Ihemadu, the founder of Flin Adire recently applied to join AdireOgun.com, a website started in 2020 as a marketplace focusing on the promotion of one of Nigeria’s most famous indigenous textiles – adire. Adire (Yoruba: tie and dye) textile is the indigo-dyed cloth made in southwestern Nigeria by Yoruba women, using a variety of resist-dyeing techniques. By the second half of the twentieth century, broader colour palette of imported synthetic dyes was introduced. Adire is not just another form of clothing, Adire is a part of the Yoruba culture and tradition. It is now being used creatively in different ways. Ibadan: University Press Ltd. [3] The Guardian – A Short History of Adire Abeokuta is consid… [1] At first, Adire was made from a hand-woven cloth called Kijipa that was tie-dyed indigo (Elu). Tie-dye made people happy then, as it does today! Over the years, we have seen the evolution of Fashion in Africa. Let’s read on…, Let us begin with a little introduction for the benefit of those unfamiliar with this textile. Whether created by old processes or new innovations, adire today continues to face fashion challenges, and is still an alternative to machine prints. There was an increase in tie-dye makers and artistic endeavours in the 20th century when more fabrics imported from European merchants became available for dyeing. Introducing the Smart Woman Collection by the inno, How we're dancing into September! See more ideas about african textiles, indigo textiles, african fabric. Adire textile production is assumed to be inborn; inherited by birth and the heritage passed on to descendants of families who were also involved in the production process. It was first made by Yoruba women of old by using a variety of resist-dyeing techniques. This was when people craved peace and freedom from the starched idea of parents and authority. It has remained the utmost symbol of the  sixties! Find things you’ll definitely love. As a distinctive textile type, adire first emerged in the city of Abeokuta, a center for cotton production, weaving, and indigo-dyeing in the nineteenth century. This has given rise to various theories of accidental discovery. The fabric can also be twisted and tied on itself or folded into stripes. The raffia palm is stripped, and the spine sewn into the fabric. Abeokuta is said to be the capital of the Egba nation, and the Adire industry in Nigeria. TIE – DYE (ADIRE) AMONG THE JUKUN PEOPLE by Gausa Solomon and Abubakar Ezra Adire Notebooks by Bellafricana [4] @amalbotanicals is having a flash sale, This error message is only visible to WordPress admins, African Black Soap: The History, Components and Benefits, Adire Cloth in Nigeria : A Book Review on Adire Textile, Vol. Fashion, beauty and entertainment news especially for you! These artistic peace-lovers embellished t-shirts, curtains, tapestries, pants, and anything else that would proclaim their individuality! Objectives: Students will review the five kinds of lines (horizontal, vertical, diagonal, diagonal, & zig zag) & two kinds of shapes (organic & geometric). This is done so that the colour is kept from inside of the folds by knotting and dyeing it or stitching with raffia fiber from banana leaves or thread. Certificate Art for Junior and Senior Secondary School. Adire translates as tie and dye, and the earliest cloths were probably simple tied designs on locally-woven hand-spun cotton cloth much like those still produced in Mali. Our founder at Bellafricana, Bukky Asehinde, can’t get enough of the Adire textile. 29, April, 2013:350-370 by Areo, Margaret Olugbemisola and Kalilu, Razaq Olatunde Rom Increase credibility & boost sales. Adire textile is the indigo-dyed cloth made in southwestern Nigeria by Yoruba women, using a variety of resist-dyeing techniques. While launching the Adire Ogun Digital Market Place, on Thursday in Abeokuta, the governor said the platform would be a melting pot for over 2000 participants and would open up a value chain for adire business. The Yoruba label adire (meaning “tie … The Yoruba label adiré, which means “tied and dyed,” was first applied to indigo-dyed cloth decorated with resist patterns around the turn of the twentieth century. In fact, they are not a single group, but rather a collection of diverse people bound together by a common language, history, and culture. Feb 11, 2020 - Explore Jana Potter's board "adire cloth", followed by 164 people on Pinterest. Adire, is a Yoruba (a tribe in Southwestern Nigeria) word for tie and dye. Adire Cloth of the Yorubas. Assessment of Quality Characteristics of Indigenous and Contemporary Adire cloths produced in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. Yes, we had all these questions and more and knew many people out there too must have pondered on this also. In an academic research published in the Journal of African Studies, the researchers; Gausa Solomon and Abubakar Ezra, stated that Adire patterns are made by pleating of the cloth. After dyeing the raffia is usually ripped out, although some choose to leave it in and let wear and tear on the garment slowly reveal the design. Click play below to watch the video documentary of Adire textile amongst Yorubas by Thorolf Lipp. Since the early twentieth century, metal stencils cut from the sheets of tin that lined tea chests have also been used. 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This, of course, attracted the Nigerian fashion designers who now adapt the designs to print high-quality cloth and have transformed the art of adire into an entrepreneurial craft. Ogun state still hold the record of one of the most affordable states in Nigeria with potentials job opportunities Re: Adire Mall, Abeokuta, Ogun State Set For Commissioning (Photos) by AgbariOjukwu1 : 7:02pm On May 14 , 2019 Oniko: This process involves tying raffia around hundreds of individual corn kernels or pebbles to produce small white circles on a blue background. I added a lovely picture of her looking absolutely stunning in one of her dresses made from adire. Adire textile, pronounced as Ah-DEE-reh is an age old indigo die textile indigenous to the Yoruba tribe of the Southwestern Nigeria. He also said that his administration would introduce adire as part of the school uniform in the state from 2021. 7 (2), Serial No. In this post, you will learn about the history of the Àdìre textile and follow its’ progression through time. Support our creative African-owned businesses. The textile appeals very much to the fashion conscious in Yorubaland, Nigeria, and on a global level. 29, April, 2013:350-370, Tie-dye Through the Ages – A History of Tie-dye, The Bold of Art: Chief Nike Okundaye Davies - Bellafricana Digest | Artisans | Creatives | Talents, Art, Exhibition and Fashion: Highlights of GTBank Fashion Weekend - Bellafricana Digest | Artisans | Creatives | Talents, Adire work wear by Delavi Couture is certainly a must have. (1993). Have you checked out our social media? To meet the high demand for adire, stencilling has largely been replaced by a block printing technique to apply the hot wax. An Unpublished PhD Thesis of the Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun States, Nigeria Byfeild, J. Adiré is a “resist-dyed” cloth produced and worn by the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria in West Africa. Big Congratulations to #bellafricanamember @ologi. We believe in empowering, supporting and promoting local talents which contributes to job creations in the Nigerian (African) economy. The simple answer to that is, the tying method prevents the absorption of dye to the particular area of the fabric that is tied. Nigerian culture is multi-ethnic and gives a lot of value to different types of arts; which primarily include ivory carving, grass weaving, wood carving, leather and calabash, pottery, painting, glass and metal works, and cloth weaving (textile). She then passed on the process to her children and onward to the future generations. The tied portion is later removed after dyeing thereby creating a pattern of circles. 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