Pakistani districts and city Population. Sparse deserts can be found in southern Punjab near the border with Rajasthan and near the Sulaiman Range. Indo-Scythians refers to Scythians (or Sakas), Iranian equestrian tribes who migrated into central and northern South Asia during the 2nd century BC to the 4th century AD. A coalition was formed against Alexander by the Cathians, the people of Multan, who were very skilful in war. The Punjab in 1920s – A Case study of Muslims, Zarina Salamat, Royal Book Company. The city of Lahore, Pakistan is the capital of the province of Punjab. From west to east, the rivers are: the Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej. miles shared 71.7 per cent of the total area, and its population of 28.4 million made 82.8 per cent of the total. Lahore (Punjab, Pakistan): population 10.5 million. The music on these occasions is essentially folk and appealing. The Indo-Scythians seem to have been followers of Buddhism, and many of their practices apparently continued those of the Indo-Greeks. The history of the city stretches back so far into antiquity that its true origin story is … Lahore, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Kashmir and other subahs (ex-Mughal provinces) on the south and eastern side of Peshawar were under Maratha rule for the most part. It contains several major cities of the country: Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multan and Gujranwala. 1972, 1981, 1998, 2017 census. info); lit. ' Faridabad (Haryana, India): 1.4 million. Of the five great rivers of Punjab, four course through Pakistan's Punjab province. It forms a part of the folk music through mystic messages. Since the 1950s, Punjab industrialised rapidly. Amongst folk singers the likes of Inayat Hussain Bhatti, Tufail Niazi, Alam Lohar, Sain Marna, Mansoor Malangi, Allah Ditta Lonawala, Talib Hussain Dard, Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi, Gamoo Tahliwala, Mamzoo Gha-lla, Akbar Jat, Arif Lohar, Ahmad Nawaz Cheena and Hamid Ali Bela are well-known. The region was known to the ancient Greeks as Pentapotamia, meaning the "region of five rivers,"[27] while the Sanskrit name for the region, as mentioned in the Ramayana and Mahabharata, was Panchanada which means "Land of the Five Rivers. The Achaemenid Persian empire included Gandhara and western Punjab, administered through the satrapies of Gandāra, Hindush and Sattagydia. By mid-February the temperature begins to rise; springtime weather continues until mid-April, when the summer heat sets in. District at a glance T T Singh. Attaining self-sufficiency in agriculture has shifted the focus of the strategies towards small and medium farming, stress on barani areas, farms-to-market roads, electrification for tube-wells and control of water logging and salinity. Temperature goes down as low as 40 °F (4 °C). Punjab contributes about 76% to annual food grain production in the country. All Pakistani districts Population . Last collected in the year 2011, the population, at that point, stood at a reported 176,745,364. The ginning industries are 6,778. In the subsequent centuries, Punjab was invaded and conquered by the Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Delhi Sultanate, Mughals, Durranis and the Sikhs. On these occasions, devotees assemble in large numbers and pay homage to the memory of the saint. Muslim empires then ruled Punjab for nearly 1,000 years. The centralised authority that had existed during Aurangzeb's rule and the rule of his predecessors was now largely in the hands of Nawabs (semi autonomous rulers) who gave their nominal allegiance to the Mughal emperor at Delhi. INFO Punjab is Pakistan's second largest province by area after Balochistan, and its most populous province with an estimated population of 101,391,000 as of 2015. Entrance Examinations (PU, DU, KU, HPU, AIL, Pbi. Punjab reached the height of its splendour during the reign of the Mughal Empire, which for a time ruled from Lahore. The pictured wall of Lahore Fort is the last line in the tile-work in the entire world. According to the 1998 census, the population of the province is 7,25,85,000. [19] Its human development index rankings are high relative to the rest of Pakistan. Average rainfall annual ranges between 96 cm sub-mountain region and 46 cm in the plains. In the composition of classical ragas, there are such masters as Malika-i-Mauseequi (Queen of Music) Roshan Ara Begum, Ustad Amanat Ali Khan, Salamat Ali Khan and Ustad Fateh Ali Khan. Pakistan Area and Population Density. Pakistani Punjab produces 68% of Pakistan's food grain production. Hot weather (April to June) when temperature rises as high as 110 °F (43 °C). The population of Punjab (Pakistan) is estimated to be between 85%-95% Muslim with a Sunni majority and Shia minority (The the Pakistani Government doesn't keep track of religious demographics). The population density is 353 persons per square kilometer as compared to the national figure of 164. During the Mughal empire, many Hindus increasingly adopted Sikhism. District at a glance Vehari. The spring monsoon has either skipped over the area or has caused it to rain so hard that floods have resulted. Of that, male literacy stands at 80.44 percent while female literacy is at 70.73 percent. According to the 1998 census, the population of the province is 7,25,85,000. [52], Maharaja Ranjit Singh's death in the summer of 1839 brought political chaos and the subsequent battles of succession and the bloody infighting between the factions at court weakened the state. Azim Khan was the governor of Kashmir from 1812 until 1819 when Ranjit Singh captured it for himself. Amritsar (Punjab, India): 1.18 million. Muslim peoples: a world ethnographic survey / Richard V. Weekes, editor-in-chief Greenwood Press 1978, "Inferiority complex declining Punjabi language: Punjab University Vice-Chancellor". Gandhara existed since the time of the Rigveda (c. 1500–1200 BC),[39][40] as well as the Zoroastrian Avesta, which mentions it as Vaēkərəta, the sixth most beautiful place on earth, created by Ahura Mazda. miles shared 71.7 per cent of the total area, and its population of 28.4 million made 82.8 per cent of the total. It was also the home of one of the earliest known South Asia cultures, the Harappa, in prehistoric times. The incidence of poverty differs between the different regions of Punjab. The Hephthalite Huns captured Gandhara around 451, and did not adopt Buddhism, but in fact "perpetrated frightful massacres." In 326 BCE, Alexander the Great invaded the tip of Punjab near present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, defeating King Porus. Most are settled in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa followed by Sindh and Punjab. 6. The Kushan period is considered the Golden Period of Gandhara. A 2010 survey by the Sikh Resource and Study Centre reported 50,000 Sikhs living in Pakistan. Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan. As a result, most rural areas are dominated by a small set of feudalistic land-owning families. Akbar established two of his original twelve subahs (imperial top-level provinces) in Punjab: After the death of the last great Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, in 1707, Mughal authority significantly weakened but didn't totally vanish despite Nadir Shah's invasion in 1739. Dr Yasmin Rashid briefed the premier that more than 720,000 families in Punjab would get health cards by the end of December 31, 2021. Study Package for CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) & LL.B. There are 48 departments in Punjab government. Punjab was part of both classical Western Eurasian empires including the Achaemenid, Macedonian, Kushan, Greco-Bactrian, Indo-Greek and Hindu Shahi empires, as well as Indo-Gangetic (North Indian) empires such as that of the Maurya and Gupta. In the acronym P-A-K-I-S-T-A-N, the P is for Punjab.[57][58]. The population of the provinces, federal territories, districts and agencies. Punjab has also more than 68 thousand industrial units. The capital and largest city is Lahore which was the historical capital of the wider Punjab region. Faisalabad is the third-largest metropolis in Pakistan and a famous industrial city. Rawalpindi (Punjab, Pakistan): population 3.25 million. The province covered an area of 205,344 km2 (79,284 sq mi), including much of the current Punjab province and the Islamabad Capital Territory, but excluding the former princely state of Bahawalpur.The capital was the city of Lahore and the province was composed of four divisions (Lahore, Sargodha, Multan and Rawalpindi). It also shares borders with the Indian states of Punjab, Rajasthan, and the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir. 1998, 2017 census Katasraj Mandir is a Hindu temple complex situated in Katas village near Choa Saidanshah in the Chakwal District. The Anarkali Market and Jahangir's Tomb are prominent in the city of Lahore as is the Lahore Museum, while the ancient city of Taxila in the northwest was once a major centre of Buddhist and Hindu influence. [24] Several UNESCO World Heritage Sites are located in Punjab, including the Shalimar Gardens, the Lahore Fort, the archaeological excavations at Taxila, and the Rohtas Fort.[25]. Punjab has a population of 80 million people and an area of 79,284 mi² or (205,344 km²) in terms of area the province of Punjab is greater in area than Kyrgyzstan but smaller than Belarus. The Sikh Empire was established in 1799 under the rule of Ranjit Singh with his capital based in Lahore, until its defeat by the British. Later it was conquered by Alexander the Great in 327 BC, it subsequently became part of the Maurya Empire and then the Indo-Greek Kingdom. The first incursion into Northern Punjab occurred in the 11th century by the Ghaznavid ruler Mahmud of Ghazni who was the first Muslim ruler to conquer the Punjab in its entirety. The mystic folk songs include the Kafees of Khwaja Farid in Saraiki, Punjabi and the Shalooks by Baba Farid. [citation needed], The Indo-Greek Kingdom or Graeco-Indian Kingdom was a Hellenistic kingdom covering most of the Punjab. Among the Punjabi poets, the names of Baba Farid, Shah Hussain, Sultan Bahu, Bulleh Shah, Waris Shah and Mian Muhammad Baksh are well known. Starting in the 1980s, large numbers of Punjabis migrated to the Middle East, Britain, Spain, Canada and the United States for economic opportunities, forming the large Punjabi diaspora, resulting in growing economic ties between Punjab and these countries. Punjab, Pakistan: 80 million (95% Muslims). The population of the provinces, federal territories, districts and agencies. The religious breakdown of the Pakistani population is as follows: Muslims: 205,500,000; Ahmadiyya in Pakistan: 2,000,000; Christians: 4,000,000; Hindus: 4,500,000; Buddhists: 106,989; Sikhs: 30,000; Zoroastrian/Parsis: 6,000; Animist s, Baháʼí Faith, Atheists: Pakistanis around the world This led to massive rioting as both sides committed atrocities against fleeing refugees. Faisalabad (Punjab, Pakistan): population: 5.28 million. All Ministers report to the Chief Minister, who is the Chief Executive. The Population Welfare Department Punjab is striving to achieve the vision of population stabilization in the largest province of Pakistan through promoting family planning as an entitlement. Like their ethnic kinsmen of other faiths, the Punjabi Christians are divided into various castes. For the most popular music from the region, Bhangra, the names of Abrar-Ul-Haq, Arif Lohar, Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi, Jawad Ahmed, Sajjad Ali, Legacy, and Malkoo are renowned. [50] In 1821 Syed Ahmad Barelvi spent two years organizing popular and material support for his Punjab campaign. Buddhist art spread from Gandhara to other parts of Asia. Partition in 1947 led to the region being split into East and West Punjab, with East Punjab becoming part of India while West Punjab became part of Pakistan. Parts of Punjab first came into contact with Islam after the Umayyad Caliphate commander Muhammad bin Qasim defeated Raja Dahir in 711 and expanded into southern Punjab. Manufacturing includes machine products, cement, plastics, and various other goods. During the 18th century, Nader Shah's invasion of the Mughal Empire caused Mughal authority in the Punjab to fall apart and it thus fell into chaos. Folk songs and dances of the Punjab reflect a wide range of moods: the rains, sowing and harvesting seasons. Oxfam, Nader Shah's invasion of the Mughal Empire, resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of cities in Punjab, Pakistan by population, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Government College University, Faisalabad, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Agriculture, NFC Institute of Engineering and Technology, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Engineering & Technology, Khawaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, National University of Computer & Emerging Sciences, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Technology, "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab", "The pulse of Pakistan's growing fashion industry", ''Ancient Indian Education: Brahmanical and Buddhist, "PUNJAB GROWTH STRATEGY 2018 Accelerating Economic Growth and Improving Social Outcomes", "Northern Punjab, urban Sindh people more prosperous than rest of country: report", "Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List (Pakistan)", Some Aspects of Ancient Indian Culture: Sir WIlliam Meyers Lectures, 1938-39, "A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary with Transliteration, Accentuation, and Etymological Analysis Throughout", "Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases, and of Kindred Terms, Etymological, Historical, Geographical and Discursive", "Soan River – witness to rise and fall of many civilisations". The fairs and festivals of Punjab reflect the entire gamut of its folk life and cultural traditions. Male: 0.639 m (49.96%) Female: 0.640 m (50.04%) Total Population (Estimated) 1.280 m (2017 census) For the popular taste however, light music, particularly Ghazals and folk songs, which have an appeal of their own, the names of Mehdi Hassan, Ghulam Ali, Nur Jehan, Malika Pukhraj, Farida Khanum, Roshen Ara Begum, and Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan are well-known. Punjab (Urdu: صوبہ پنجاب ‎) is a province in Pakistan. [18] Punjab is also one of South Asia's most urbanised regions with approximately 40% of people living in urban areas. Pakistan at 80: the next 10 years The Umayyad empire conquered Punjab in the 8th century CE. These mainly fall in the following categories: Religious fairs are held on special days of Islamic significance like Eid ul-Adha, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi, Shahb-e-Barat, Ashura, Laylat al-Qadr and Jumu'ah-tul-Wida. This would change however in 1752, when Nader Shah's general Ahmad Shah Durrani who was ruler of the Durrani Afghans, defeated Mir Mannu, the last Mughal governor of Punjab. Punjab. Other crops include rice, sugarcane, millet, corn, oilseeds, pulses, vegetables, and fruits such as kinoo. Weather extremes are notable from the hot and barren south to the cool hills of the north. The population of the subdistricts (tehsils and talukas) of Pakistan. 1998, 2017 census Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan, containing more than half the country’s total population as well as several of its major cities: Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multān, and Gujranwala.There is considerable rural-to-urban migration in the province, especially to the larger cities. These are the folk tales of Mirza Sahiban, Sayful Muluk, Yusuf Zulekha, Heer Ranjha, Sohni Mahiwal, Dulla Bhatti, and Sassi Punnun. According to census 2017 total population of Punjab is 110012442 . The capital is Lahore, a cultural, historical, economic and cosmopolitan centre of Pakistan where the country's cinema industry, and much of its fashion industry, are based. Faisalabad is the third-largest metropolis in Pakistan and a famous industrial city. Both Indian and Pakistani Punjab are considered to have the best infrastructure of their respective countries. The Mughals left an indelible mark on the landscape of Punjab from 1556 to 1739 by commissioning the construction of great gardens, forts, tombs, baths and mosques such as the Shalimar Gardens,[45] Lahore Fort, Tomb of Jahangir, Tomb of Nur Jahan, Shahi Hammam, Akbari Sarai, Wazir Khan Mosque, and the Badshahi Mosque, all situated in Lahore, as well as arsuch as Hiran Minar and others elsewhere in Punjab. The rise of Islam also brought many settlers from Kashmir, Arabia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Mongolia into the area. The inscriptions on bricks and tiles of the mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam (1320 AD) at Multan are outstanding specimens of architectural calligraphy. Commonly called Pindi, the city is located 9 miles from Islamabad, and it's the 4th most populous urban area in Pakistan. [citation needed]. [21][22][23] Punjab is also the site of the Katasraj Temple, which features prominently in Hindu mythology. This is a chart of the education market of Punjab estimated by the government in 1998. According to Manzur Ejaz, "In Central Punjab, Punjabi is neither an official language of the province nor it is used as medium of education at any level. The most common instruments used are the tabla and harmonium. Despite the lack of a coastline, Punjab is the most industrialised province of Pakistan;[13] its manufacturing industries produce textiles, sports goods, heavy machinery, electrical appliances, surgical instruments, vehicles, auto parts, metals, sugar mill plants, aircraft, cement, agricultural machinery, bicycles and rickshaws, floor coverings, and processed foods. In 1818 Nawab Muzaffar Khan was killed by the Sikhs at the Battle of Multan after putting up stout resistance for many years. The undivided Punjab region was home to six rivers, of which five flow through Pakistan's Punjab province. New factories were established in Lahore, Sargodha, Multan, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Wah and Rawalpindi. Block Wise Provisional Summary Census-2017; Area & Population of Administrative Units (1998) ... Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Statistics House, 21-Mauve Area, G-9/1, Islamabad, Pakistan In Pakistani Punjab, non-tribal social distinctions are primarily based on traditional occupations such as blacksmiths or artisans, as opposed to rigid social stratifications. As such, the population density of the British Territory [56] It occupies 25.8% of the total landmass of Pakistan. Complete information about Population of every zilla of Pakistan. Dr Yasmin Rashid briefed the premier that more than 720,000 families in Punjab would get health cards by the end of December 31, 2021. Mosques abound all over Punjab and vary in architectural style. Punjab has the largest economy in Pakistan, contributing most to the national GDP. Despite past animosities, the rural masses in Punjab's farms continue to use the Hindu calendar for planting and harvesting. The female population stands at 101.314 million, which is 48.8% of the total headcount, according to the 2017 results. population by sex, sex ratio, average household size and growth rate. Punjab during the Mahabharata times was known as Panchanada. [13] Punjab is known in Pakistan for its relative prosperity,[14] and has the lowest rate of poverty amongst all Pakistani provinces. Punjab is also a mineral-rich province with extensive mineral deposits of coal, iron, gas, petrol, rock salt (with the second largest salt mine in the world), dolomite, gypsum, and silica-sand. [33][34] Although the archaeological site at Harappa was partially damaged in 1857 when engineers constructing the Lahore-Multan railroad used brick from the Harappa ruins for track ballast, an abundance of artefacts have nevertheless been found. Its population was estimated to be 30,045,949 in year 2017. [6] Punjab features heavily in the Hindu epic poem, the Mahabharata, and is home to Taxila, site of what is considered by many to be the oldest university in the world. The hardest part of the summer is then over, but cooler weather does not come until late October. Gandhāra was an ancient kingdom situated in the northwestern region of Pakistan, in the Peshawar valley and Potohar plateau with its capital at Taxila in modern northwestern Pakistan. [47][48], The Third Battle of Panipat took place on 1761, Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas and reversed their gains in the regions of Punjab and Kashmir by re-consolidating control over them.[49]. [35][36][37] Agriculture flourished and trading cities (such as Multan and Lahore) grew in wealth. Radha Kumud Mookerji (2nd ed. Commonly called Pindi, the city is located 9 miles from Islamabad, and it's the 4th most populous urban area in Pakistan. Its share of Pakistan's GDP has historically ranged from 51.8% to 54.7%. Punjabi is the primary language of the region, with several dialects spoken. It is the second-largest city in Pakistan, after Karachi, and the 18th largest in the world. Taxila is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, valued for its archaeological and religious history. literacy ratio by sex. The major and native language spoken in the Punjab is Punjabi (which is written in the Shahmukhi script - one of the oldest scripts used for writing Punjabi) and Punjabis comprise the largest ethnic group in the country. He abandoned his troops whilst they regrouped to continue fighting until they were defeated. 1951; reprint 1989), Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency ..., Volume 1, Part 1-page-11, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, For a detailed account of the battle fought, see Chapter VI of, Mortimer, Edward, Faith and Power, (1982), p.68-70. There are only two daily newspapers published in Punjabi in the Central areas of Punjab. 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