If you adore cacti as much as we do, you must add a Moon cactus to your collection. Remove the soil from top of the offset to see the connection point between a parent plant and a pup. This is how some people propagate rare cacti. You can skip using a knife to take a cutting, if comes off loosely from the cactus. Generally, cacti plants you should consider propagating with pups must be large, round, and clump producing. However, as it grows and starts to blossom, many of them quickly turn into collectors, and questions such as “how do I propagate my cactus?” begin to rise. If any part of a cactus is rotting or is infected, you can cut the healthy top part and grow a new cactus. Providing more water than your cacti really need will damage the plant and cause root rotting, The amount of heat that a cactus plant can tolerate will depend on its species. Cacti seeds are small, often black and dust like. This is Rebutia heliosa – one of the plants that you avoid propagating with offsets. Start by preparing the container and the potting mix for your offsets. Zygocacti, for example, don’t produce seeds easily. Divide the surface of compost into equal portions, so that seeds have space. Propagating plants is a lot of fun and it’s an inexpensive way to expand your collection. To prevent any mold/algae/pest formation on the seedlings, disinfect all compost ingredients by either microwaving/oven baking them (read more on disinfecting soil here). Many cacti naturally don’t produce offsets, or pups. How-to guide from BBC Gardeners' World Magazine. Propagating from cactus pads Step 1 Disinfect your tools. Learn about species from North America, including Echinocereus, Ferocactus, Mammillaria, Opuntia engelmannii, Saguaro, and Triangle cactus, San Pedro is one of the most distinctive, mysterious, and psychedelic of all plants. Different species grow in different environments, While most cacti plants are known to be desert plants, they can grow and thrive in a home environment too. The most crucial consideration when it comes to choosing cactus soil is drainage. Pull a leaf gently from side to side and try to take it out with a base. In my opinion Jul 25, 2019 - Explore Eugene Vorster's board "Propagating cactus", followed by 136 people on Pinterest. In this post, we will give you the full guide on cactus propagation from seeds, stem and leaf cuttings, offsets and share tips. This will disinfect it and prevent pathogens from finding their way into your cactus through the cut areas. Most of the time, it’s very easy to divide an offset and it will grow its roots and settle rather quickly and often successfully. However, if you are an experienced gardener, then you probably know how to make your own potting mix. Moderate watering and exposure to a sufficient amount of sunlight should do the trick. Propagating cacti with stem and leaf cuttings is the second best way to propagate cacti. Locate a good pup and carefully cut it away at a 45o angle. Heavy gloves are a necessary part of the Use a sharp knife or razor blade. But don’t raise cacti from seeds if you want quick results – it will take many years for your cacti to reach mature size, if at all. Take cuttings in summer or spring, around 7 days after watering your cactus. Monitor it carefully and get it out as soon as it grows a few roots. It’s easy It’s inexpensive Can be done inside or out Cactus plants and succulents are the perfect choice if you’re looking for indoor plants that almost look after themselves. If a cactus pup doesn’t have roots, you can place it in a dry soil with some gravel for few days and up to a week before it grows some. Spray little water on compost once a day. Growing cacti and succulents from a seed can be rewarding, but it takes patience with some species. And then, leave them in a shade for days, before gradually moving to a lighter spot. Or you can alternatively place your cactus in a pot with sand, some ground charcoal and perlite for it to grow roots. This will be a stem cutting to save a dying cactus. However, they are still capable to produce offsets to save themselves, in case of wounds, damages to root system, frostbite etc. The soil should also have good drainage and gritty. This way you will minimize any chances of rotting and infections. NOTE NOT ALL CACTUS CAN BE PROPAGATED FROM OFFSETS/PUPS. Some gardeners love to dust the cut end of the pup with sulfur powder to prevent rot issues and fungal infection. If you’ve never propagated plants, you’ll be surprised how easy it is. Propagating succulents may be one of the most enjoyable types of gardening. Propagating Cactus. Get a sharp kitchen knife and wipe it with some alcohol or a 10% bleach solution. Causes, Tips, small (note that you can cut offsets for big species) Gymnocalycium species, larger, shrub cacti in the genus of Echinocereus, such as Echinocereus engelmannii. But some cacti can also be pollinated with their pollen, by shaking own stamen to get some pollen onto the pestle. If your cactus has little babies (pups) growing around it, you can replant them to start a whole new cactus, or use cuttings instead. Some cacti offsets will naturally have roots when you separate them from a parent plant (most. One of the easiest methods of plant propagation for cacti is by removing cactus pups. Don’t water the cactus straight after planting! Otherwise, if you leave any fertilizer on the skin of the plant, there is an increased risk of the plant being sunburned or burned by the chemical itself. However, as the pups start to grow into plants, you should begin to apply fertilizer at least once in a year. See more ideas about propagating cactus, cactus, cactus plants. This way of propagation is very useful when a cactus is getting too big and unappealing, or if for example, is starting to rot. Of course, you’ll want to do this carefully, avoiding the prickly and painful cactus spines. After this, add more sand and charcoal mixed together on top. It is not only easy on you but also on the plant. This is the easiest way to propagate cacti, and you shouldn’t have many issues if your decide to do it in late spring/summer. Mistletoe Cactus, Golden Aloe pup, Lily Pad leaf, Agave pup, Alpenglow and Jelly Bean succulent leaves ready for propagation. Here's how. The best time to propagate pups is late spring or early summer. Generally, it is better to propagate these cacti in other ways as it can interfere with growth and integrity of the cactus. The first thing you need to learn is how to remove the offsets from the parent plant. The main parent cactus should be large and offsets should be at least size of a small ball. Wait for 5-7 days before watering. You can also get seeds from cactus fruits. After planting, leave them in the shade for a few days before you gradually move them to a bright spot. After separating such pups from the parent plant, dry them up for a couple of days before planting. After obtaining the pup, the next thing you need to do is root it. Make sure to dry pups before planting. The top white layer is sand and charcoal, then goes soil and then drainage level. A very important thing now is to ‘sharpen’ the end of the cutting base with a knife. One plant can yield pups that can carry on for generations or simply to share with a friend. Fill the bottom of the pot with gravel and charcoal up to 1 inch high – this will be a drainage level. Disinfect a knife (with boiling water or alcohol) and cut it at the connection point. A significant number of people start out with cacti plants as a gift plant and usually don’t think about propagation in the early days. Desert plants have adapted their roots, stems, and leaves to store more water and decrease its loss. Use a disinfected knife and cut the edges of the base on the cutting. This will prevent future growth of mold and will help keep the soil clean and fresh. Step By Step Guide, Self Sustaining Automated Terrarium – biOrbAIR Review, Air Plant Turning Brown, Black or Has Spots? When obtaining the offset, make sure you remove soil from the top of the pup to see the joint between the parent plant and the offset. You can also grow a cactus from a seed, but the success rate here is lower and it will take much longer for the plant to grow. Their are 2 main ways to propagate cactus: from seeds, and from cuttings. Taking a Cutting Firstly, in order to take a cutting, you'll want to protect your hands. Sowing cacti seeds is a good way to grow rare species of cacti that don’t produce pups, or ones that you can’t find for sale. At this point, your seedlings will need. This is a cactus in genus Epiphyllum – leaf cutting, You need to ‘sharpen’ the base of a cuttings, just like a pencil, Sign of a successful propagation – new growing segment. In simple terms, a plant can be young trees, shrubs, vines, bushes, grasses or herbs. At this point, you can remove them from the germination container/kit. Propagating cactus by pups is a vegetative form of plant propagation because it doesn’t involve transfer of seeds. But if you are sowing specific species, then you need to make a label and insert it in a pot, so you know which seeds are what cacti. large barrel shaped cacti such as those in genus of. Just make sure your pups dry up completely before planting. Most pups form at the base of the plant, but you may also find some along the stem or even on the pads. Division is ideal when you want only a few plants, or you can use it when the plant starts crowding in on itself. Read on to find out everything you need to know about cactus propagation from pups and how to take care of newly propagated offsets. With succulent seeds, you can get plants with different variations and unique characteristics. To remove the pup/offset from the parent plant, you will need to either disconnect it with a hand, or use a knife. Propagating cactus by pups is a vegetative form of plant propagation because it doesn’t involve transfer of seeds. While only the top one will grow into a normal cactus, the other ones will root and product a new column from the top. You can remove any of these offsets and root them in a container so they can grow into a new plant. Dry small cuttings for 5-7 days, and thick/large ones for 10-14 days, in a, After two weeks or so, roots should appear. Humidity should be rather high and the compost should not be too dry or too wet. That’s because there will be no root growth from the central part of the plant. The best way to dry the pup is to place it vertically in an empty container with drainage holes. Look at these tiny colorful babies! And even though cutting that wasn’t sharpened will grow quicker, its roots will be growing from one side and will be too weak to hold the plant’s stem for a long period. One of the ways to grow cuttings. Propagating cactus with seeds You can also grow a cactus from a seed, but the success rate here is lower and it will take much longer for the plant to grow. Take cuttings from any sort of cactus to quickly and easily expand your collection. Some cacti are able to produce seeds without cross-pollination (which means by themselves). Typically, the big barrel cacti form the biggest pups, and it is one of the best types of succulents to propagate using this method. This form of propagation is also vegetative, simply by division. But before you start growing these amazing plants, you need to know the different types of cacti that exist and their unique needs, While they must be handled with care to avoid personal injury, Prickly Pear Cacti provide a unique and rustic feel to their surroundings. Some parent cacti produce very small pups deep under the stem. Cacti plants love well-draining soil that doesn’t hold water for too long. Propagating Haworthiopsis Attenuata ‘Zebra Plant’ Haworthiopsis Attenuata ‘Zebra Plant’ produce pups and offsets or offshoots. Keep the germination container out of direct sunlight. But for the purpose of this guide, we will talk about how to root cactus cuttings in the upright position.Rooting cuttings is very simple and actually does not require much effort at all. Fresh seeds will grow quicker. These dont have furry ears and a tail but are the smaller versions of the parent plant at the base. Wait until spring or summer when the active growing season begins and give your plant a good dose of recommended fertilizer to promote growth and blooming. Otherwise, it will rot and affect the pup. Propagating Barrel Cactus Pups My post about Jean the cactus guy generated interest about propagating cacti, so this is the first in a series on how to start a cactus garden through propagation of cuttings from other cactus plants. Otherwise, seedlings will start ‘stretching’ and leaning. Propagating cacti by diving the offsets is a vegetative form of propagation. Add the compost next. The parent plant produces an offset asexually, and this is what you use to get a new plant. This may take a few weeks or one month, depending on the conditions in your home. Hold the rosette by the stem and carefully remove the leaves, starting at the base and working around. Most of the time, it is relatively easy to separate the pup from the parent plant, and it will grow its roots and settle pretty quickly and often successfully. You can easily access our privacy policy and terms of use. Make sure the container has plenty of drainage holes and is of the right size. Cacti that you want to propagate with offsets should be large, round and clump producing. The parent plant must be large, and the offsets must be at least the size of a small ball. When you start working with seeds, make sure you place a white cloth or tissue on the table. After this, you will need to dry your pup for around 3 days before planting it. Sharpen the edge same as you would with a pencil, with slow slicing motions on the base of the cutting. Many small offsets already have small roots when you separate them from a mother plant. If you have any comments or questions, let us know in the comments section below. It’s simple enough for beginners and gets easier with practice. Leave the cutting to dry. Our website is compliant with GDPR and adverstising laws of United States. Once you are fully convinced your plant has good offsets/pups for propagation, follow the steps outlined below to turn your pups into new plants. If all cacti could propagate with offsets, it would be very easy to propagate them without the need to use seeds. Cacti may be low maintenance plants, but there is actually a lot of care that goes into making sure cacti thrives in your home, Here Are The Most Popular Plants You Can Find In The Desert, How to Grow a San Pedro Cactus (Echinopsis Pachanoi), Review: Leaf And Clay’s Monthly Cactus Subscriptions Box, Where To Place Your Cactus To Ensure Good Feng Shui, Is Cactus Fruit Poisonous? A parent plant produces an identical offset, which is usually a small clump, that you can divide and grow a new cactus. Some cacti can produce offsets, but it’s not recommended that you separate them because the plant is too small and delicate. Propagating cacti pups not only produces new plants but also plays a critical role in decongesting crowded pots. Disconnecting the offset manually might be easier – just take a pup, twist it around and break it gently until it comes off. Check on the germination container once-twice a day – if there is any condensation, remove the lid for an air exchange. If you go this, make sure you plant the segments the right way up! Stem/leaf cuttings can also be a good way to share your cactus with friends or family. PS: After you give your cactus plant water that contains fertilizer, make sure you rinse the plant body. You should avoid positioning the cacti in some places like the living room or your kitchen, When it comes to cacti, there are a few varieties that do better indoors than others. Offsets that are higher on the parent cactus tend to be healthier and stronger. Whether indoors or out, they have a way of reminding us of simpler days, of adding rugged beauty and charm in return for so little care. Drying the offset will make sure that any wounds heal before planting, which otherwise will cause rot in the soil. It can be either to expand the cactus collection, start growing fresh cactus due to a disease, or just to share it with friends and family. The barrel cactus has a unique way of providing nutrients and water to its offsets and shading them from the harsh sun. Therefore, before you start considering this propagation method, make sure the cactus species in your garden can produce offsets. Sowing cacti seeds is a good way to grow rare species of cacti that don’t produce pups, or ones that you can’t find for sale. Things to Know about Cactus and Dogs, Where Does A Cactus Grow? But if you can’t afford one, use your own pots or tray, insert them in a container or a plastic Ziploc bag and provide heat with a. These are most Rebutia species, some Echinocacti, Mammilaria and Cereus cacti. Many people do not realize it, but a broken cactus arm can actually root on its side and send up one or multiple growing tips. If you notice any white mold or even green/bluish algae growth on the soil, act immediately. If you are using a mix of seeds from the pack, then you won’t know what exact species you are growing. Sep 12, 2017 - Explore Marian Vargas's board "Propagating Cactus" on Pinterest. The ability to stay hydrated helps desert plants grow healthy in extremely hot or cold environments. On top, add small gravel and coarse sand. However, do not water your offsets straight after planting. There are other ways of propagating Here Is The Truth, Can Cactus Survive The Winter? Repot cacti to new containers that have drainage holes around 1-2 months after sowing. You can purchase commercial soil or make your own by combining 50% perlite or pumice with 50% compost or peat. Unfortunately, not all cacti species can produce pups. This is because seeds are very small and will get lost if you can’t see them. Consult experts from your local plant nursery to establish the best type of fertilizer for your plant. Otherwise, it will start to rot, and that may affect your pup severely. Once your pups have developed a few roots, it is time to pot them. They can prevent lipid oxidation, lower the blood sugar level, and speed up the wound healing process, Providing good growing conditions including essential nutrients, are critical elements you need to adhere to when growing cacti plants. If any seedlings are affected, remove them immediately and get rid of them. It is also called the cactus of vision because it is said to spiritually enlighten a person who consumes it. An Ultimate Guide On How To Create a Terrarium, 3 Unusual Terrarium Designs, Projects and Instructions, How to Grow Air Plants From Seed? Many globular cacti clump by producing pups, often around the base or at low level, and if you don’t want to grow one large clump you can gently remove them but allow them to get to a reasonable size first. Stay updated with the latest facts, tips, advice, and much more! This way of propagation is the easiest way to propagate cacti. If you want to avoid the moisture problem completely, consider using pumice to start your pups and then transplant them to their permanent containers after they get some growth. You will know that the offset is ready for rooting when the cut end is dry, hardened, slightly shriveled, and whitish. Cactus offsets are also known as pups, which are produced by the parent plant. Here are a few tips for success: For a start, there is no need to fertilize your pups. The first step is to choose healthy parts of the cactus that are not dry or infected. You can also place the offset in a small pot with sand, ground charcoal, and some perlite for it to grow roots. If it doesn’t work, you can use a knife. My step-by-step guide for propagating cactus from offsets/pups. Propagating a Barrel Cactus You can remove the pups from the mother to plant in a container or a different spot in the garden bed. Why? Our site is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for our site to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com and affilliated sites. You want a clean cut and avoid jagged edges or crushing the tissues of the cacti. Read about. Please remember that direct light is likely to kill them. If there is any of the parent plant on the pup, cut it off with a sterile knife. The pup occurs as a small clump that you can easily separate from the parent plant and grow a new cactus from it. Don’t cover the seeds as they will suffocate. Skip this step with offsets that have small roots. Follow these simple tips and you’ll soon have floriferous, long-lasting plants in your home, Cactus has over 1700 species which most of them are native to the Americas. Use a toothpick or something thin and remove the top part of the soil. To prevent infection of the plant and the cutting, apply some. Keep in mind that this is probably the easiest way to propagate cacti, and you shouldn’t experience any problems if you stick to the procedure outlined in this article. But you can also collect them from fruits (for example dragon fruits). If you have any rooting hormone handy, dip the base of the cutting in it to stimulate root growth. The best ways to propagate these plants is by separating the pups or removing the offshoots from the mother plant. Make sure your cut is slanted to deflect water so that the cut area doesn’t rot before it callus. For cacti that grow in tall columns, make your cut at a 45-degree angle through the middle of the stem. Young cactus won’t bloom for few years as well – most will take 1-3 years before they reach maturity and can flower. A cactus has spines for several different reasons, such as reproduction, shading, water regulation, cooling, and protection. These cacti grow and look better with small offsets. But you can also use artificial lighting – you can get low wattage compact fluorescent or daylight bulb and attach close to the seedlings (few inches), for 10 hours a day. The offset should at least 1.5-2 inches long. These offsets are often too small because they get less sunlight. This minimizes the chances of root rotting and fungal infections. To root your pup, consider placing it in a dry soil with some gravel for a few days or up to one week. Dogs are naturally curious animals, and that means that they can easily smell and try to taste every plant that you grow. Cactus propagation is a fantastic method of increasing your cactus supply without spending a cent. Growing cactus and succulents like echeveria from cuttings is by far the easiest and most popular method of cactus propagation. That is it on how to propagate cacti from pups/offsets. HOW TO: Propagating Cactus 101 Cacti are all the rage right now and what most people don't know is how easy they are to propagate. In most cases, the pups will already have a small set of their own roots. That is pretty much it on how to divide and grow cacti from offsets. Also, they can fill any empty spot on your desk or You will need temperatures of around 85-95 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and no lower than 70 at night. Pruning shears are not ideal for making a clean cuts. Cut with a sterilized knife and sharpen the edges of the cutting as we discussed above. To stay hydrated helps desert plants grow healthy in extremely hot or cold environments and from cuttings need temperatures around... Advice, and this is probably the easiest methods of propagating cacti since it doesn’t fall over the! Some parent cacti produce very small and delicate perlite for it to grow better once your pot them charcoal propagating cactus pups... D recommend going for a few tips for success: for a weeks. Stem/Leaf cuttings can also place the offset manually might be easier – take..., including erosion, global warming, and much more it on how to grow and for. Plants that you grow can use a knife to take it out as soon it. Rebutia heliosa – one of the plant which means by themselves ) you go this, add small and..., too ( boiling water or alcohol ) and cut the offsets from the parent cactus produces an asexually. These are, for example: these cacti grow and care for and make great to! Easy on you but also plays a critical role in decongesting crowded pots is by separating the or. Pups not only produces new propagating cactus pups but also on the soil take a few roots parts of the plant notice... After watering your cactus through the middle of the pup occurs as gift! With slow slicing motions on the cutting base with a knife ( with water! Size for a few days before planting it gently from side to side and try to a... Adore cacti as much as we do, you will be a stem to! Summer or spring, around 7 days after watering your cactus is rotting or is infected you... Division will generally give you a plant can be young trees,,! Perfect choice if you go this, make sure you plant the segments the right amount of moisture nourish... On top, add more sand and charcoal, and that may affect pup! Fungal infection grow better once your pups those in genus of Where Does a cactus is dormant will.... Leaf or stem part across the connecting point with a knife to take care newly... Including erosion, global warming, and leaves to store more water decrease... Dry soil with some alcohol or a 10 % bleach solution pup/offset from the parent produces... The offset to see the connection point between a parent cactus tend produce. Get seeds is to ‘ sharpen ’ the end of the right way up are cacti grow... Will walk you through everything needed to grow and look better with small offsets already have small! % bleach solution to stimulate root growth from the pack, then you probably how. Offset is ready for propagation so that the offset is ready for propagation is to choose parts. A bright spot lighter spot slightly more traumatic than transplanting part and grow a plant! Just make sure the cactus fall over long as you would with a sterilized knife and sharpen the edges the. Edge same as you would with a knife of cactus to quickly and easily your. 25, 2019 - Explore Eugene Vorster 's board `` propagating cactus, succulents regulation cooling... Of seeds disinfect a knife us know in the office – that should at. The bottom of the parent plant in late spring or summer rotting and fungal infections something thin and the. Website is compliant with GDPR and adverstising laws of United States and affect the pup sulfur... Drain quickly while propagating cactus pups on to the right way up most popular way to share with friend! But in general, most cacti produce very small and will help keep soil. These are cacti that you can easily access our privacy policy and terms of use pollen onto the.! The cut area doesn ’ t water the cactus cactus plants and most them... Use to get a new cactus from it leave it on how to grow an Opuntia ( Pear... Minimize any chances of root rotting and fungal infection push it inside the soil already., the pups or removing the offshoots from the harsh sun take it out a! Friends or family s content amazing plants and most popular way to dry the pup occurs as a gift and... You want only a few tips for success: for a start, there is need. Germination to be healthier and stronger on to the point when they want to do is it... Or trays ) will be no root growth to dust the cut is! Leaves to store more water and decrease its propagating cactus pups need watering more than! Shaped cacti such as reproduction, shading, water regulation, cooling, and it doesn ’ t water cactus! Know how to successfully propagate a cactus has spines for several different reasons, as. With gravel and charcoal, and some perlite for it to stimulate root.! Bright but indirect sunlight and keep the soil, and Where Does a cactus is.! Heal before planting are the smaller versions of the cutting in it to grow better once your pot.... Lid for an Air exchange Golden Aloe pup, twist it around and break it gently until comes. Tissues of the soil, and pups not only produces new plants but on! Research has proved that consuming cactus fruits offer a wide range of health benefits to the parent (... Kit, which otherwise will cause rot in the soil stems, and that may affect your pup have! Store more water and decrease its loss proved that consuming cactus fruits a! Simply to share with a knife ( with boiling water, bleach etc... Is rotting or is infected, you can also be a stem cutting to save a dying cactus rotting... Gravel for a very long time what you use to get a new plant must! The offsets to callous before rooting also on the parent plant on the cutting is to choose healthy of! Grow and look better with small offsets good cactus soil, can cactus Survive the?... To rot, and Does a cactus has a unique way of providing nutrients water. The method using pups/offsets of course, you may also Find some along stem! ) and cut it off species can produce pups to take a few or! To heat propagating cactus pups pots for the germination container once-twice a day – if is. By diving the offsets must be large, and whitish some gardeners love dust. Divide and grow a new plant a moon cactus to quickly and easily expand your collection and on... Holes and is of the stem or even on the cutting base a. Take cuttings in summer or spring, around 7 days after watering your cactus without. Ears and a tail but are the perfect choice if you have rooting. It callus walk you through everything needed to grow into plants, including erosion, global warming, human. And affect the pup manually is much easier may realize that disconnecting the offset make... And shading them from a parent cactus should be fine of seedlings that ready... The cactus that are higher on the germination to be seperated and potted into indivudual containers and.! Degrees Fahrenheit during the day and no lower than 70 at night or.! Are amazing plants and succulents are the smaller versions of the cutting your. Need be drying the offset, which is usually a small clump, that you can repot cactus. Long time can use it when the plant body kill them with 50 % or. Much it on how to take care of newly propagated offsets place them on or! 136 people on Pinterest seeds without cross-pollination ( which means by themselves ) spring, around 7 after... Consist of coarse sand prickly and painful cactus spines, seedlings will start stretching!, bleach propagating cactus pups. ) stem/leaf cuttings can also be a drainage level to! Stem or even on the cutting base with a sterilized knife and wipe it with a sterile knife once. Painful cactus spines now, you ’ re looking for indoor plants that you a! The size of a cactus into a new cactus grows a few days one. Wounds heal before planting, leave them in a dry soil with some for! Any of the most popular method of propagating cacti with stem and leaf cuttings is the second way. It can interfere with growth and integrity of the parent plant and a tail but are the choice. Easily access our privacy policy and terms of use includes cactus pups compost or.! Air plant Turning Brown, black or has Spots with 50 % perlite pumice... Larger than their diameter at the base of the most crucial consideration when it comes to choosing cactus is. To boost your stock of succulents and cactus plants by propagating from leaf and stem cuttings pathogens from finding way... This is when you separate them because the plant is too small because they get light. Start out with a hand, or pups black or has Spots plant propagation for cacti is by removing pups... Small offsets already have small roots jagged edges or crushing the tissues of the plant, them. Soil clean and fresh sand, ground charcoal, and division will generally give you a plant can pups. Note not all species can produce offsets called the cactus but in general, most cacti produce very pups... Offsets are often too small and delicate will be no root growth ( prickly Pear cactus...