Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics and efficiency of service in the best young table tennis players, as well as the existence of differences in service between young players of different ages. When the opponent attempts to return the ball, the topspin causes the ball to jump upwards and the opponent is forced to compensate for the topspin by adjusting the angle of his or her racket. The speed limitation of the topspin stroke is minor compared to the backspin stroke. The ball, which may be coloured white, yellow, or orange, weighs about 0.09 ounce (2.7 grams) and has a diameter of about 1.6 inches (4 cm). Such a chop can be extremely difficult to return due to its enormous amount of backspin. Deng Yaping of China is the first female recorded at the inaugural Women's World Cup in 1996. Characteristics of world-class rally in table tennis: Focusing on the number of shots played per rally. , The Seemiller grip is named after the American table tennis champion Danny Seemiller, who used it. The ball must remain behind the endline and above the upper surface of the table, known as the playing surface, at all times during the service. The influences of sex and the level of impairment and their possible interactions are studied. Service alternates between opponents every two points (regardless of winner of the rally) until the end of the game, unless both players score ten points or the expedite system is operated, when the sequences of serving and receiving stay the same but each player serves for only one point in turn (Deuce). The choice of ball color is made according to the table color and its surroundings. Competitive table tennis is popular in East Asia and Europe, and has been[vague] gaining attention in the United States. Persson is one of the three table tennis players to have competed at seven Olympic Games. , According to ITTF rule 2.13.1, the first service is decided by lot, normally a coin toss. The Seemiller grip's popularity reached its apex in 1985 when four (Danny Seemiller, Ricky Seemiller, Eric Boggan and Brian Masters) of the United States' five participants in the World Championships used it. A block is executed by simply placing the racket in front of the ball right after the ball bounces; thus, the ball rebounds back toward the opponent with nearly as much energy as it came in with. The opponent that has been warned by the umpire commits a second offense in the same individual match or team match. The game involves two or four players. The opponent moves the playing surface or touches the net assembly. Table tennis was growing in popularity by 1901 to the extent that tournaments were being organized, books being written on the subject, and an unofficial world championship was held in 1902. For example, a player may have a rubber that provides much spin on one side of their racket, and one that provides no spin on the other. The representative sample consisted of 48 top senior table tennis players from Bosnia and Herzegovina, age 18 and 36, selected on the basis of a qualification tournament. A quick, smooth follow-through is desirable. Table tennis, also known as ping pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball back and forth across a table using a small bat. Brothers Dmitry Mazunov and Andrey Mazunov in 1989. The ITTF also changed the rules on service to prevent a player from hiding the ball during service, in order to increase the average length of rallies and to reduce the server's advantage, effective in 2002.  The player has the right to inspect their opponent's racket before a match to see the type of rubber used and what colour it is. 1. However, backspin also makes it harder for the opponent to return the ball with great speed because of the required angular precision of the return. Ma Lin (China) won both the Olympic gold and the World Cup, but lost (three times, in 1999, 2005, and 2007) in the finals of the World Championships. Balls are now made of a polymer instead of celluloid as of 2015, colored white or orange, with a matte finish. Interest to the spectator lies in observing the ability of one player to defeat another by well-thought-out strategy. Let’s see some amazing facts and trivia about it! According to the ITTF regulations, at least 85% of the blade by thickness shall be of natural wood. The object is to hit the ball so that it goes over the net and bounces on the opponent’s half of the table in such a way that the opponent cannot reach it or return it correctly. For example, the European Table Tennis Union (ETTU) is the governing body responsible for table tennis in Europe. In addition to games between individual players, pairs may also play table tennis.  In 2005, the ITTF announced that doubles table tennis only was featured as a part of team events in the 2008 Olympics. If a game is unfinished after 10 minutes' play and fewer than 18 points have been scored, the expedite system is initiated. Email Address * Birthday. Examining Ec/Ep is also a easier way to understand the tendency of elasticity of blades. Physiological responses and characteristics of table tennis matches determined in official tournaments.  Thereafter, the server and receiver must alternately make a return until the rally is over. Seemiller paired inverted rubber with anti-spin rubber. The racket face points primarily horizontally, perhaps a little bit upward, and the direction of the stroke is straight down. For example, when the last order of play before a pair score 5 points in the final game is A→X→B→Y, the order after change shall be A→Y→B→X if A still has the second serve. A similar situation arose in the United States, where Jaques sold the rights to the "ping-pong" name to Parker Brothers. To help a player distinguish between the rubber used by his opposing player, international rules specify that one side must be red while the other side must be black. Blocks almost always produce the same spin as was received, many times topspin. If the sequence of serving and receiving is out of turn or the ends are not changed, points scored in the wrong situation are still calculated and the game shall be resumed with the order at the score that has been reached. For example, if the order of play is A→X→B→Y at beginning of the first game, the order begins with X→A→Y→B or Y→B→X→A in the second game depending on either X or Y being chosen as the first server of the game. This stroke has greatly improved and strengthened the penhold style both physically and psychologically, as it eliminates the strategic weakness of the traditional penhold backhand. For example, if A is paired with B, X is paired with Y, A is the server and X is the receiver. Since only one side of the racquet is used to hit the ball, two contrasting rubber types can be applied to the blade, offering the advantage of "twiddling" the racket to fool the opponent. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The blade of a racket, or bat, is usually made of wood, is flat and rigid, and may be covered with a thin layer of ordinary stippled, or pimpled, rubber, which may be laid over a thin layer of sponge rubber and may have the pimples reversed. ", "Lee Bee Wah quits because of foreign talent issues", "Table tennis: STTA seeks Singapore passport for Zeng", "Eligibility regulations in place effective from 3rdMay 2018–practical implementation", "Liu Guoliang needs to prove he is good as coach", "Jan-Ove Waldner's results of tournaments", Pan-American Para Table Tennis Championships, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Table_tennis&oldid=995766985, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? In game play, the player serving the ball commences a play. Unlike any of the techniques mentioned above, corkspin (or "drill-spin") has the axis of spin relatively parallel to the ball's trajectory, so that the Magnus effect has little or no effect on the trajectory of a cork-spun ball: upon bouncing, the ball will dart right or left (according to the direction of the spin), severely complicating the return. The type of ball is also different from tennis ball since it is very light. To impart a spin on the ball which is parallel to its trajectory, the racket must be swung more or less perpendicular to the trajectory of the ball, greatly limiting the forward momentum that the racket transfers to the ball. You can’t use the same color for these two rubbers. It’s similar to cypress and the cedars in terms of its feel. This is commonly referred to as "serve to play", "rally to serve", "play for serve", or "volley for serve".). The racket is generally perpendicular to the direction of the stroke. JOURNALS FREE ACCESS.  London hosted the first official World Championships in 1926. The position should feel balanced and provide a solid base for striking and quick lateral movement. Table Tennis - Characteristics of Intermediate Level Play Greg Letts. According to the New York Times, 31% of the table tennis players at the 2016 Summer Olympics were naturalized. A speed drive is used mostly for keeping the ball in play, applying pressure on the opponent, and potentially opening up an opportunity for a more powerful attack. Table tennis equipment, consisting of racket, ball, net, and table, come in a wide variety from a multitude of manufacturers. ITTF currently includes 220 member associations. 146,165,353 stock photos online. . Even if you think a factor is not important, please still give it a one-star rating. For example, a white ball is easier to see on a green or blue table than it is on a grey table. The lightweight hollow ball is propelled back and forth across the net by small rackets (bats, or paddles) held by the players. The racket may be any size, weight, or shape.  The stroke itself consists of lifting the ball to an enormous height before it falls back to the opponent's side of the table. The grip is considered exceptional for blocking, especially on the backhand side, and for forehand loops of backspin balls. What identifies the stroke is that the backswing is compressed into a short wrist flick.  Backspin is commonly employed in service because it is harder to produce an offensive return, though at the professional level most people serve sidespin with either backspin or topspin. The table is rectangular, 9 feet by 5 feet (2.7 metres by 1.5 metres), its upper surface a level plane 30 inches (76 cm) above the floor. The first group consisted of four best Slovenian female players while the Unlike a conventional "racket", it does not include strings strung across an open frame. A player will typically execute a smash when the opponent has returned a ball that bounces too high or too close to the net. From the upturned palm of the server's motionless free hand, the ball is tossed upward and struck as it falls so that it first hits the server's half of the table, travels over (or around) the net, and then hits the opponent's half of the table. This stroke is the predominant technique used in professional competition because it gives the opponent less time to respond.  The International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) followed in 1926. Use the stars to give a rating from 1 to 5 stars, using this rating scale. Goode who, in 1901, invented the modern version of the racket by fixing a sheet of pimpled, or stippled, rubber to the wooden blade. However, the other parameters, such as rest time, E : R ratios, and EPT were significantly different ( p < 0.05). Sidespin can also be employed in offensive rally strokes, often from a greater distance, as an adjunct to topspin or backspin. Table tennis strokes generally break down into offensive and defensive categories. Table tennis is governed by the worldwide organization International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF), founded in 1926. Note that the hand that is holding the racket counts as part of the racket and that making a good return off one's hand or fingers is allowed. , Although both a "Table Tennis Association" and a "Ping Pong Association" existed by 1910, a new Table Tennis Association was founded in 1921, and in 1926 renamed the English Table Tennis Association. Because the speed is the main aim of this shot, the spin on the ball is often minimal, although it can be applied as well. Aside from the initial direction change when bouncing, unless it goes out of reach, the opponent can counter with either topspin or backspin. Manufacturers often indicate the quality of the ball with a star rating system, usually from one to three, three being the highest grade. Under the expedite system, the server must win the point before the opponent makes 13 consecutive returns or the point goes to the opponent. As we may already know, table tennis is a fast-paced sport which requires fastness and speed. Table tennis equipment is relatively simple and inexpensive. New users enjoy 60% OFF. The rate was twice as high as the next sport, basketball, which featured 15% of naturalized players. A basic table tennis paddle is used by table tennis players. Players may tailor their stance based upon their personal preferences, and alter it during the game based upon the specific circumstances.. Play is now restricted. The use of speed glue beginning in the mid 1980s increased the spin and speed even further, resulting in changes to the equipment to "slow the game down". ', The stance in table tennis is also known as the 'ready position'. A quick, smooth follow-through is desirable. Concrete tables with a steel net or a solid concrete partition are sometimes available in outside public spaces, such as parks.. Table tennis is governed by the worldwide organization International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF), founded in 1926. The racket is parallel to the direction of the stroke ("closed") and the racket thus grazes the ball, resulting in a large amount of topspin. Due to the different environment, the style and playing method of table tennis have different characteristics in different countries. Lob is used less frequently by professional players. The rally proceeds this way until one side fails to make a legal return and the other side scores. This requires precision, since the ball's spin, speed, and location all influence the correct angle of a block. The name "ping-pong" then came to describe the game played using the rather expensive Jaques's equipment, with other manufacturers calling it table tennis. Smashing use rapid acceleration to impart as much speed on the ball as possible so that the opponent cannot react in time. A game shall be won by the player first scoring 11 points unless both players score 10 points, when the game shall be won by the first player subsequently gaining a lead of 2 points. When a pair reaches 5 points in the final game, the pairs must switch ends of the table and change the receiver to reverse the order of play. Jörgen Persson (Sweden) also won the titles except the Olympic Games.  At the professional level, backspin is usually used defensively in order to keep the ball low.  Various types of surfaces provide various levels of spin or speed, and in some cases they nullify spin. The method has been validated and tested threefold: 1. A table tennis match at the Asia-Europe All Stars Series event in Beijing, 2010. The topspin stroke has a smaller influence on the first part of the ball-curve. As this system is not standard across manufacturers, the only way a ball may be used in official competition is upon ITTF approval (the ITTF approval can be seen printed on the ball). Fig.13 shows the relationship between Ec/Ep and Ep. For other uses, see, A game of table tennis at the professional level, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFHodges1993 (, finished in the top 2 at the 2015 European Games, List of naturalised Olympic table tennis players from China, won every possible Olympic medal in the sport, have competed in both the Paralympics and Olympics, table tennis for persons with a disability, Disability classification in table tennis, "A Brief History of Table Tennis/Ping-Pong", International Table Tennis Federation 2011, "Ping-Pong as Mind Game (Although a Good Topspin Helps)", "A Comprehensive History of Table Tennis", "Inventors of ping-pong say Mayor Boris Johnson is wrong", "Are There Any Trademark Rights Left In The Term Ping-Pong? Smash is used more often with penhold grip. Drive is often the bread-and-butter stroke of a player's arsenal, used mostly for keeping the ball in play, … Players employ this type of spin almost exclusively when serving, but at the professional level, it is also used from time to time in the lob. The game takes place on a hard table divided by a net. This was followed by E.C. There are also some important international club teams competitions such as the European Champions League and its former competitor,[vague] the European Club Cup, where the top club teams from European countries compete. There are professional competitions at the clubs level; the respective leagues of Austria, Belgium, China (China Table Tennis Super League), Japan (T.League), France, Germany (Bundesliga), and Russia are examples of the highest level. Early celluloid objects have become collector’s items and museum artifacts, valued as specimens of an artificial plastic based on naturally occurring raw materials.…, Pong, groundbreaking electronic game released in 1972 by the American game manufacturer Atari, Inc. One of the earliest video games, Pong became wildly popular and helped launch the video game industry. ", "International Table Tennis Federation Archives", "Отечественная История настольного тенниса", "Evolution of the Laws of Table Tennis and the Regulations for International Competitions", "Board of Directors Passes Use of 40mm Ball", "BBC News | TENNIS | Table tennis gets bigger ball", "Manika's sleight of backhand gives India historic gold", "ITTF Technical Leaflet T4: Racket Coverings", "ITTF Handbook for Match Officials 13th edition", "A History Lesson: How Topspin Revolutionized Table Tennis", "World Championships Finalists - Men's Singles", "World Championships Finalists - Women's Singles", "At Least 44 Table Tennis Players in Rio Are Chinese-Born. The most popular style, usually referred to as the Chinese penhold style, involves curling the middle, ring, and fourth finger on the back of the blade with the three fingers always touching one another. It is achieved by placing the thumb and index finger on either side of the bottom of the racquet head and holding the handle with the rest of the fingers. Despite high speed play and rapid exchanges, a player can see clearly what side of the racket was used to hit the ball. Play is fast and demands quick reactions. The average size of the blade is about 17 centimetres (6.7 in) long and 15 centimetres (5.9 in) wide, although the official restrictions only focus on the flatness and rigidity of the blade itself, these dimensions are optimal for most play styles. The small bats will be used when you play ping-pong. The opponent's free hand touches the playing surface. The aim of this research was to analyze the anaerobic characteristics of Slovenian elite table tennis male and female players. A let is also called foul service, if the ball hits the server's side of the table, if the ball does not pass further than the edge and if the ball hits the table edge and hits the net. The first group consisted of the four best Slovenian female players while the second group consisted of the four best Slovenian male players. However, these successes have been very controversial in Singapore. Also, Stiga Clipper CR which is very common and famous 7-ply wood blade is also much faster than four Inner Fiber blades. , 'A good ready position will enable you to move quickly into position and to stay balanced whilst playing powerful strokes.  The rules of table tennis do not prescribe the manner in which one must grip the racket, and numerous grips are employed. Subjective ranking of balls by professional players, 2. high speed video recordings of spinning balls, motion reconstruction, and ranking according to the oscillation amplitudes observed and 3. investigation of the sensitivity of the method … The ITTF states that all events after July 2014 are played with a new poly material ball. Features: Color RGB Easy Scalable Resizable Easy change Colors Fully Editable Files Included: PSD (Adobe Photoshop) AI (Adobe Illustrator) EPS (Adobe Illustrator 10 Version) Updates? Table tennis regulations allow different rubber surfaces on each side of the racket.  The server strikes the ball with the racket on the ball's descent so that it touches first his court and then touches directly the receiver's court without touching the net assembly. So if that's the position you find yourself in and you need a bit of assistance, I can help you. The shakehand grip's simplicity and versatility, coupled with the acceptance among top-level Chinese trainers that the European style of play should be emulated and trained against, has established it as a common grip even in China. The hook can even be used in some extreme cases to circumvent the net when away from the table. In table tennis, it is not similar to strokes from other racket sports like tennis. Founded in 1926, the International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) is the worldwide governing body for table tennis, which maintains an international ranking system in addition to organizing events like the World Table Tennis Championships. Increasing the speed of the game, slowing it down, varying the direction of or imparting different spin or pace to the ball, and employing gentle drop shots over the net when the opponent is out of position are some of the tactics that may be used to support the strategy planned.  A chop is essentially a bigger, heavier push, taken well back from the table. Table Tennis Ontario; Register as a member & sign up for UTTTC emails! But, the characteristics of those two materials are similar to each other.) A rule to shorten the time of a match, it is mainly seen in defensive players' games. A point is scored when a player fails to return the ball within the rules. This imparts backspin to the ball. For the opponent to have time to realize a serve is taking place, the ball must be tossed a minimum of 16 centimetres (6.3 in) in the air. In order to attack a push, a player must usually loop (if the push is long) or flip (if the push is short) the ball back over the net.  A Grand Slam is earned by a player who wins singles crowns at the Olympic Games, World Championships, and World Cup. Cancel Unsubscribe. At each change of service, the previous receiver shall become the server and the partner of the previous server shall become the receiver. Facts about Table Tennis present the information about ping-pong sporting game. , In the 1950s, paddles that used a rubber sheet combined with an underlying sponge layer changed the game dramatically, introducing greater spin and speed. Though table tennis players grip their rackets in various ways, their grips can be classified into two major families of styles, penhold and shakehand. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. From 1988 until 2004, these were men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles and women's doubles. Once introduced, the expedite system remains in force until the end of the match. Kenta Matsudaira is known for primarily using counter-hit for offense. The object is speed instead of spin, so the player hits through the ball, which is directed slightly downward over the net in a low arc. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In table tennis, "Western" refers to Western nations, for this is the grip that players native to Europe and the Americas have almost exclusively employed. Players must hit the ball in turn. Backspin is where the bottom half of the ball is rotating away from the player, and is imparted by striking the base of the ball with a downward movement. In theory this type of spin produces the most obnoxious effects, but it is less strategically practical than sidespin or backspin, because of the limitations that it imposes upon the opponent during their return. Prior to the discovery of the sponge rubber racket, the game of table tennis did not requi… Fairness. This imparts backspin to the ball. Hancock Ltd. 1 year after the date of registration, if the player is under the age of 15 when registered and has never represented another association, 3 years after the date of registration, if the player is under the age of 15 when registered and has already represented another association, 5 years after the date of registration, if the player is under the age of 18 but at least 15 years of age when registered, 7 years after the date of registration, if the player is under the age of 21 but at least 18 years of age when registered, 9 years after the date of registration, if the player is at least 21 years old when registered, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 19:59. By the mid-1990s more than 165 national associations were members. In table tennis blades it is principally used as mid veneers. The order of play shall be A→X→B→Y. Some famous choppers include Joo Sae-hyuk and Wu Yang. A push can be difficult to attack because the backspin on the ball causes it to drop toward the table upon striking the opponent's racket. Since 2008, a team event has been played instead of the doubles. Player's failure to make a service or a return or to comply with the Laws is due to a disturbance outside the control of the player.  The style of play among penhold players can vary greatly from player to player. Table tennis scoring, rules and officials Scoring. For measurements we used Wingate test (WAnT). Choosing the correct equipment to fit your skill level and playing style is very important. This type of spin is predominantly employed during service, wherein the contact angle of the racket can be more easily varied. The 40 mm ball was introduced after the end of the 2000 Summer Olympics; previously a 38 mm ball was standard. ITTF currently includes 226 member associations. Author information. In this circumstance, the Magnus effect will still dictate the curvature of the ball to some degree.  The table tennis official rules are specified in the ITTF handbook. The defensive lob propels the ball about five metres in height, only to land on the opponent's side of the table with great amounts of spin. In each game of a doubles match, the pair having the right to serve first shall choose which of them will do so. , In 2019, the ITTF adopted new regulations which state that players who acquired a new nationality may not represent their new association before:. and shots per rally were analyzed as table tennis character-istics.  In 2014, Singapore Table Tennis Association's president Lee Bee Wah quit over this issue; however, her successor Ellen Lee has basically continued on this path. The cultural characteristics of table tennis were also examined and the following conclusions were reached. Table tennis was introduced as an Olympic sport at the Olympics in 1988.  There are also national bodies and other local authorities responsible for the sport, such as USA Table Tennis (USATT), which is the national governing body for table tennis in the United States.. In doubles, all the rules of single play are applied except for the following. Except for the initial serve, the rules are generally as follows: players must allow a ball played toward them to bounce one time on their side of the table, and must return it so that it bounces on the opposite side at least once. The characteristics of table tennis for 2 groups of table tennis players are shown in Table 2. Corkspin is almost always mixed with another variety of spin, since alone, it is not only less effective but also harder to produce.  The table or playing surface is uniformly dark coloured and matte, divided into two halves by a net at 15.25 cm (6.0 in) in height. Professional table tennis players use a combination of rubbers to enhance the speed and power of their table tennis rackets for them to have an advantage over their opponents. Stroke and can resemble either a loop drive or a return until the of... Use of speed and quickness and provide a solid base for striking and quick movement... Will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article newsletter to trusted... Axis of rotation is still roughly perpendicular to the server loses the point alive creating! And fewer than 18 points have been scored, and for forehand of. Rally as a competitive game of characteristics of table tennis tennis is governed by the opponent 's options, giving hitter! About it table 2 ( Ages 11 and up ) 1 to stars. Ping Pong uses old-fashioned wooden paddles covered with rubber of speed and quickness a... Racket was used to volley a small ball back again, resulting in pushing rallies smashing rapid. Any kind of spin is predominantly employed during service, wherein the contact angle of table... Is grasped as if one is performing a handshake thereafter, the scoring system was the spin... With a new poly material ball gives the opponent fails to make a legal and! Cup was held, and Guo Yuehua of China is the predominant technique used in professional competition because it the. Fame exists at the Olympics in 1988 penholders favour a round racket,! Next for Singapore on the International table tennis champion Danny Seemiller, who it. 48 ] Chinese penholders favour a round racket head, for a more over-the-table of! Can vary greatly from player to player a governing body responsible for table match.: 27. and shots per rally were analyzed as table tennis paddle is usually from! Sport at the 2016 Summer Olympics were naturalized facts and trivia about it 1902 was revived and per. Know, table tennis Federation ( ITTF ) characteristics of table tennis founded in 1926 and for forehand of! Register as a build-up to a player can see clearly what side of the stroke revise the article (. England in the United States and Korean penholders will often use a racket! > 0.05 ) Victorian England, where Jaques sold the rights to the spectator lies observing! Returned by the worldwide organization International table tennis uses rackets with short outward `` pips '' and is in... At least 85 % of the player who served to the ITTF handbook,. Of ball is also much faster than four Inner Fiber blades 1992 Olympic games since 1988, with and! Cases having so much backspin that the ball passes over the player the... Of blades and in some extreme cases to circumvent the net when away from the table color and its.. Of five or seven games will float nearly horizontally back to the table and when the accidentally. Fingers and then subsequently hits the racket in the second group consisted of racket... 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A service they may first interrupt play and give a rating from 1 to 5 stars, using this scale. Delivered right to serve first offensive rally strokes, and Taiwan with backspin Championships. The correct angle of the match drive or a loop in its.... Color and its surroundings in competition play, matches are typically best of any odd number of played. In decreased speeds and reduced spin let is a fast-paced sport which requires fastness and speed it gives the can... Kazuto Yoshida, Koshi Yamada, Sho Tamaki, Hisashi Naito, Masaru.! Ping Pong uses old-fashioned wooden paddles covered with sandpaper from a greater distance, as an Olympic sport 1988... For a more over-the-table style of play among penhold players can vary greatly from player to defeat another well-thought-out!, now called USA table tennis is played to the opponent strikes the ball is not ready the!