In this manner, it becomes possible to simple strum rhythmic chords or intervals, just like a guitar. Would any of these arrangements work on a 7 string lyre? I love that I have the sheet music, I would however really like to aquire the MP3s. Best wishes :), TUNING THE LYRE TO THE JUST INTONATION OF ANTIQUITY, Nero's Lyre (Lament for Solo Lyre in the Ancient Greek Phrygian Mode), The Wisdom of Minerva (Original Composition For Lyre in the Ancient Chromatic Phrygian Mode), Hymn To Zeus (Composition In The Ancient Greek Dorian Mode), The Temple of Venus (Original Composition for Replica Lyre in the Ancient Hypolydian Mode), “Glory Of The Parthenon” (Composition For Lyre In The Ancient Greek Phrygian Mode), “Hymn To Poseidon” (Composition For Lyre In The Ancient Greek Hypodorian Mode). I found him at the exact location shown below, marked by the player location. “The musical system of ancient Greece evolved over a period of more than 500 years from simple scales of tetrachords, or divisions of the perfect fourth, to The Perfect Immutable System, … By entering any specific tuning for a lyre of any specific number of strings, the following program (in the 'chords' section), enables one to 'block and strum' almost any imaginable chord on the lyre, by the ancient lyre playing technique of blocking specific strings with the left hand, whilst strumming with the plectrum, only those … You will unlock Tatfrid’s location after you kill all of the members under his branch. Congratulations! My finished album (released in early 2015) with the title “Lyre of Apollo” was recorded as part of my collaboration with Luthieros, in their inspirational “Lyre 2.0 Project” – dedicated to reintroducing the beautiful lyre of antiquity as a divine artifact, back into our much aesthetically poorer, bland modern world.”, “Apollo, took the lyre upon his left arm and tried each string with the key. The modern lyre was first created in the 1920's, by Edmund Pracht and Lothar Gartner, after indications from Rudolf Steiner. After you've played on the stage, you get to keep the lyre. So happy to find this when there is very little about the lyre online. “The musical system of ancient Greece evolved over a period of more than 500 years from simple scales of tetrachords, or divisions of the perfect fourth, to The Perfect Immutable System, … The Lyre - An Instrument for Our Time The lyre has been an important instrument since ancient times, in Persia, Egypt, Greece, and Italy. Interact with all three, and you’ll end up 10 Coins of Charon richer. The lyre is needed in the quest to perform in the longhall to get Olaf the Bard's vote to become a Fremennik. Playing a plectrum-plucked tremolo in the bass to accompany a finger-plucked melody. 6, p. 99)” – source, “In antiquity, lyres were tuned either cyclically, in perfect 5ths, the 3rds & 6ths then being fine-tuned by ear(Pythagorean tuning) or divisively (using exact mathematical ratios to precisely divide a musical string into specific pitch ratios) to achieve what is called “Just Intonation”.” – Michael Levy. For two handed playing the lyre can be laid across the knees (pict. Put the violin strap on the tail piece. There is an ancient description of this actual lyre playing technique which I had previously inferred from illustrations of ancient lyre players and which is featured in all of my albums - alternating between finger plucked and plectrum plucked tones. The last sub-quest is to reunite with Stormterror. Report Save. Most lyres are plucked, but a few are bowed. Just keep practicing the lyre in your bed chambers. The Incredible Survival of the Harps & Lyres of Antiquity in Africa Today. Roosebeck Lily Harp, 8 Strings, Knotwork 4.2 out of 5 stars 84. Unscrew one of the two metal ends of the violin strap. Levers. A lyre is crafted by a player during The Fremennik Trials quest. Indeed, almost all ancient illustrations of lyre players show the use of a strap for two handed performance, as can be seen in this illustration of of a young female lyre player from an Etruscan tomb wall fresco (475 BCE): In antiquity, lyre straps (known in ancient Greek times as the 'telamon') were made either of soft leather or some form of natural fibre – however, I find that simply twisting a pair of old nylon stockings creates an amazingly cheap, flexible and functional lyre strap! Have I missed the actual download link? I received a lyre for Xmas which I have wanted to play since a child, but didn’t know where to start. This is a technique still practiced by the Krar lyre players of Eritrea today: 2. Seikilos placed me here as an everlasting sign of deathless remembrance”. 3. A lyre with less than 9 strings is only really suitable for providing basic harmonic accompaniment to a vocal line due to the limited number of strings and is therefore unsuitable for a solo instrument.Please note - these arrangements are merely simplified versions of my original recordings and are not intended to be literally played "note for note"! The use of accidentals, portamento and microtones by using the left hand thumb nail as a moveable fret on the string. Thanks for this lesson in the video. Hitting the strings percussively with a wooden baton like a hammered dulcimer - a technique I inferred from illustrations of lyre players seen in both the Bas Reliefs from the Palace of Nineveh (circa 700 BCE): About 1000 years later, this same percussive lyre playing technique can be found in illustrations of lyre players depicted in the Pahos Mosiacs (2nd – 4th centuries CE) in Cyprus, which all seem to be using a small wooden baton to hit the strings of their lyres, rather than the usual plectrum to pluck the strings: 8. 3). I recently found a description of this very same technique in a passage of really interesting ancient text by the Roman poet, Virgil (1st century BCE): This fascinating passage, which actually describes this ancient lyre playing technique, is from Virgil’s epic poem, "The Aeneid" (Book VI, line 645) : "...There Orpheus too, the long-robed priest of Thrace, accompanies their voices with the seven-note scale, playing now with fingers, now with the ivory quill" [nec non Threicius longa cum ueste sacerdos obloquitur numeris septem discrimina uocum,iamque eadem digitis, iam pectine pulsat eburno]. the starting note of the mode) on different degrees of the equivalent intervals a C major scale - as all the lyres I play are of different sizes with different string lengths, I treat them all as transposing instruments in C - all that matters, is that the equivalent intervals are used.For example, in my arrangement of "Contemplationis (Contemplation)" from my album "The Ancient Roman Lyre", the temperament root is E, giving the equivalent intervals as the ancient Greek Dorian Mode (E F G A B C D E).In all but one of the arrangements, the lyre strings are tuned to the equivalent intervals as middle C D E F G A B C D E. When tuning to a specific ancient Greek mode - each mode is defined by the starting and ending notes of any scale played in relation to where the scale starts on any of the strings in this particular tuning. Not a bad prize for playing a bit … Just interact with it several times whenever you go through your room to start a new run. Most harps are played with the soft sides or tips of your thumb and first three fingers. $6.00. The harp is easier to play than you might imagine! But you’re in luck since you can have both. Writing in the mid-9th century, a northern German monk named Hucbald describes the hexachord as ‘the way you tune your lyre.’ We know that the hexachord is do-re-mi-fa-so-la. Box lyres are instruments having a Bright blessings and thank you again. If you want to have some rhythmical fun with the instrument, let a paper strip be woven through the strings, hold it in both hands and play it like an African thumb piano (pict. It includes instructions for constructing a basic lyre and two methods of playing are taught with drills and simple songs. Can you shed some light as to how may I differentiate them? The third lessons in this series, focusing on tuning your lyre in the Just Intonation. Using tremolo in the actual melody line. A player playing the lyre during The Fremennik Trials During The Fremennik Trials, you have to go to the stage in the main hall and play the lyre. Wearing a skillcape or being in a guild, champions', heroes' or legends' guild will make the song lyrics different. The Museum of London Archaeology describes the Anglo-Saxon Lyre … Even if you know little about music, playing random notes on a well-tuned harp can still sound beautiful if the playing is executed properly. The second lesson focuses on the Ancient Greek Modes, how you can tune your lyre and how you can use them while playing the lyre. It is academically confirmed as the oldest surviving example of a complete musical composition around the world. Lyre, stringed musical instrument having a yoke, or two arms and a crossbar, projecting out from and level with the body. $62.87. Teresa, Hello Michael, The second lesson focuses on the Ancient Greek Modes, how you can tune your lyre and how you can use them while playing the lyre. Playing pure finger-plucked intervals with the left hand to accompany a plectrum-plucked melody in the right hand. 6. 5. Keep "practicing" and you'll eventually get another conversation where he … In the seventh lesson of this series, you will learn how to play “Skolion of Seikilos”, the oldest complete surviving melody of the human kind! Thread the strap through the two holes for it at the end of the tail piece. In most of the arrangements, sometimes a string used in both the melody and accompaniment line is simultaneously finger plucked by the left hand accompaniment, whilst the note is at the same time plectrum plucked by the right hand which plays the actual melody - the result sounds a bit like a guitar and harp playing in unison. Play for friends … The next thing to look for on a lyre harp are the levers. Play the harp with your thumb and first three fingers. “This video demonstrates how to begin to play the famous ancient Greek song, “Epitaph of Seikilos” on the kithara – discovered inscribed in the alphabetical musical notation of ancient Greece on an ancient Greek burial stone, this 2000 year old song is the only complete piece of music to have survived from antiquity.” level 2. Worth watching it…, Learn how to play the lyre with Michael Levy, Learn to play the kithara with Michael Levy, The Lyre of Terpander – ancient Greek barbiton lyre – Collector’s edition, Lyre of Sarcophagus (9 strings) – Collector Edition, Cithara of the Golden Age with cedar wood, The Kylix Lyre of Zeus – 13strings Ancient Greek Lyre – Massive Authentic Lyre. For example, the ancient Greek Dorian Mode starts on the 3rd string, giving a scale of the equivalent intervals as E (the temperament root) F G A B C D E, whereas the ancient Greek Phrygian Mode starts on the 2nd string, giving a scale with the equivalent intervals as D (the temperament root) E F G A B C D. The only other lyre tuning I have used, is the equivalent intervals as C D E F G A Bb C D E, in order to achieve the equivalent intervals which form the mournful ancient Greek Hypodorian mode starting on D (D F G A Bb C D) for my arrangement of "Tristitia (Sorrow)", from my album, "The Ancient Roman Lyre".In all of these arrangements, I have also written the exact string number to be played next to each and every note, so hopefully the result will be rather like guitar tablature - for lyre! Play in several rhythms and e xercise as an intermediate player. With skill, the use of a strap (telamon) will facilitate the seamless transition between finger plucked and plectrum plucked tones, as well as the unique lyre playing of ‘string blocking’ – where notes not required to be strummed are dampened with fingers of the left hand, whilst leaving open only … The lyre can then be enchanted by Fossegrimen to make an enchanted lyre and progress with the quest. One of the main goals I have in both creating this website and in creating my albums for solo lyre, is the in doing so, I may one day hope to create a future legacy, where once again, the lyre will become an essential ingredient of all modern music - this was the vision which inspired my ultra experimental LP, "Ascension of the Lyre"Therefore, to further my cause, as there is absolutely no other sheet music available out there, to rekindle the long forgotten art of lyre-learning, after copious laborious scrawling, I am pleased to announce that I have compiled a free 10 page PDF booklet of some actual written musical notation for lyre! Attack bonuses The Original 3000 Year Old Music of the Bible - Revealed? Make sure they are great quality and don’t loosen or get stuck. 3.9 out of 5 stars 54. It is dated back to the first century before Christ and, except the song, the tombstone was stating that “I am a tombstone… an image. The smaller Cologne lyre is in C, Other players use Pentatonic tunings and others. I tried to download the MP3s of the tuning notes in the video, however, whien I click on the link work "here" it actually gives me sheet music. The Anglo Saxon Lyre is a 5-8 stringed lyre that was played between the 5th and 13th centuries. The lyre can be made by using an axe to cut a branch from the swaying tree east of Rellekka, and then using a knife on the branch to obtain an unstrung lyre… The Lyre Handbook: Playing Methods of the Anglo-Saxon Lyre with Directions for Construction Mary K Savelli. Wire-strung harps and certain advanced techniques for other harps are played … Thank you for this great resource! The 6th lesson in these series, focusing on how to use your second hand while playing the lyre. 9. Please choose a price: $ “Learn how to play the ancient Greek music fragment called “Bellermann Fragment”, a magical ancient Greek piece of music in the dreamy sounding ancient Greek Hypolydian mode. lyre playing techniques 1. Rees has been building harps since 1972. He is in the marketplace or playing music on stage in Grantebridge, Grantebridgescire. Best wishes, I have a Lyre on order and this gives me hope that I can do something with it. This lesson teaches some basics on how to set up the bridge, and a few technical exercises on how to play basic intervals on the lyre. The sheet music is so helpful and gives me something to aspire to. The booklet features a selection of simplified arrangements of my original compositions as featured in my lyre albums, including my arrangements of 2 examples of the actual surviving music of ancient Greece... LET THE LYRE LEARNING REVOLUTION BEGIN!The epic 10 page booklet can be freely downloaded here - happy lyre plucking, everybody!In these arduously hand-written arrangements, I have notated the tunes for 2 regular treble clef staves - the top stave is the melodic line to be plucked with a plectrum in the right hand, whilst the lower stave is for the finger plucked strings to provide the accompaniment to the melody.Although limited to the constraints of modern musical notation, although most of the tunes appear to be written in C major as there are no sharps or flats, all the tunes are actually in the original ancient Greek Modes, finding their temperament root ( i.e. I play the piano and am proficient enough at guitar, and I am just starting the lyre. However, the dragon seems to be brainwashed by the Abyss Mage. Location of The Lyre. Thank you, Thank you Micheal so much! This is the first in a series of ‘online lyre lessons’, demonstrating how to begin to learn to play a beautiful ‘Chelys’ lyre manufactured by Luthieros Workshop in Greece. Playing plectrum-plucked bass notes to accompany a finger-plucked melody. This works even better, by also placing the middle finger against the string, so that it is pinched between this finger and the thumb nail. I'm a guitarist and baroque lutenist, and haven't got a lyre, unfortunately. All donations at this time, no matter how small, make a big difference! If you don't have the lyre you can buy the renovation at the contractor for 1 diamond. The fifth in a new series of ‘online lyre lessons’, focusing on learning further basic melodies on your ancient lyre…. Thus, to play the harp, begin with the lower of the two D strings and gently pluck the center of it alone for … This is fairly easy. Tuning . Once you've bought the lyre, you need to start practicing. The use of harmonics by plucking the strings whilst lightly finger-stopping the strings at their centre with the left hand. Check in this video some proposed exercises by Michael Levy…, In the last lesson of this series, Michael Levy share with us some advanced tips for playing the ancient lyre! The use of parallel motion - using finger-plucked and plectrum-plucked tones generally an interval of 3rd apart in sections of a melody. The Kinnor is built in the style of a Lyre, with a double upright neck support for the horizontal neck. Unlike a guitar, a ten-stringed harp is plucked rather than strummed. A lyre harp that’s pleasing to the eye and one of high quality. With skill, the use of a strap (telamon) will facilitate the seamless transition between finger plucked and plectrum plucked tones, as well as the unique lyre playing of ‘string blocking’ – where notes not required to be strummed are dampened with fingers of the left hand, whilst leaving open only those strings which are required to be played. The Temple of Jerusalem - Where My Levite Ancestors Played Their Biblical Lyres! Play six modern songs such as "Unforgiven" by Metallica, "Ode to Joy" by Beethoven, "O Pastor" by Madredeus, "Happy Birthday" etc. It was outlawed in England by the Normans (citation needed), and all knowledge of the instrument was forgotten until the archaeological excavation at Sutton Hoo in the 1930s revealed the remnants of a lyre. 11 months ago. 21st Century Lyre Music - Inspired by Spock's 'Vulcan Harp'! Go to Starsnatch Cliff to meet with the rest. In the 10th lesson of this series, you will see how you can evolve further your playing after the end of these online lessons. Begin to play. Today, there are some 60 ancient melodies that survives in fragments, upon which a modern musician can improvise and imagine how they could sound in total. You can play the big lyre by either hitting the strings with your weapons, or by shooting them with arrows. This will take some time (practice makes perfect). Musical Connections Between Ancient India, the Ancient Near East, Greece, Rome & Israel? . Your webpage and your music are very beautiful. Determine how many strings you want on your lyre … I'm a pianist looking for some music to play on a Lutherios 7 string model. The lyre is needed in the quest to perform in the longhall to get Olaf the Bard's vote to become a Fremennik.. The diverse range of lyre-playing techniques I have used in the creation of my albums, are all authentically based upon ancient lyre playing techniques which have amazingly survived to the present day, and which can still be heard in parts Egypt and East Africa. Many thanks. ($0.99 or more), Thank you for this great resource! 4). Lever harps are often also called Irish harps or Celtic harps. Although all of these tunes were arranged for 10 string lyres, almost all of them will also work on a 9 or 11 string lyre as well. The sheet music is so helpful and gives me something to aspire to. I have tuned the lyre to the melodic minor mode, as the intervals here are much more simple and therefore easier to understand, than the much more exotic Eastern-sounding modes which the lyre … ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. © 2020 MICHAEL LEVY - COMPOSER FOR LYRE. Subscribe to our supporters' list and get a digital book with melodies that survive from antiquity, plus exclusive offers available to our supporters! Today, there are some 60 ancient melodies that survives in fragments, upon which a modern musician can improvise and imagine how they could sound in total. After a while, you'll get a conversation with Orpheus where he'll teach Zagreus the basics. When playing a lever or pedal harp, fingernails must be kept short unless you want a brassy sound. Awesomely it sounded at the touch of the god, while he sang sweetly to its note.” – Homeric Hymn to Hermes, line 500, “The musical system of ancient Greece evolved over a period of more than 500 years from simple scales of tetrachords, or divisions of the perfect fourth, to The Perfect Immutable System, encompassing a span of fifteen pitch keys (see tonoi below) (Chalmers 1993, chapt. This is the eighth lesson in this series, focusing on learning how to play another popular ancient music melody. I can not tell the difference between the 7th 8th (the 9th is blue and thin, that one I can see) and 10th string on the 10 sting Davidic Mid East Kinnor from Pakistan as they all look and feel the same. 1. Only 6 left in stock - … 13. share. Thank you! “The Epitaph of Seikilos” was found inscribed on a tombstone, including the lyrics and the musical notation. 11 simple lessons with the renowned ancient lyre player, Michael Levy…. The strings run from a tailpiece on the bottom or front of the instrument to the crossbar. During the cutscene, the bard Venti will play the lyre and Stormterror shows up. To these basic outlines of the melodies and their basic harmonic accompaniment, a whole diverse palette of variations are possible, for example, playing tremolo for longer notes and alternating more between finger plucked notes in the left hand and plectrum plucked notes in the right hand. Be part of an ongoing music journey, by staying tuned with us. The longest strings are to the right of you and if you are right handed, you will tend to hold or cradle the lyre with your left hand and play with your right, plucking the strings towards the heart. The second lesson focuses on the Ancient Greek Modes, how you can tune your lyre and how you can use them while playing the lyre. What’s more, they can be used as an amazing starting point for composing your own ancient-inspired songs, like the one you just heard. Attila. Our harps are … This is a ancient traditional Jewish musical instrument, nowadays with it`s playing being renewed in Shabbat services among some Jewish communities around the world. Paperback. The fourth in a new series of ‘online lyre lessons’, focusing on learning how to play some basic melodies on your ancient lyre. With this almost infinite palette of tonal variations, coloured by the unique individual characteristics of each of the many ancient musical modes, almost an infinite number of wonderful melodies can be conjured out of the air with virtually no effort! You have to go all the way up the cliff and a cutscene will be triggered. These techniques include alternating between guitar-like, plectrum-plucked tones in the right hand and harp-like, finger-plucked tones in the left hand; which also sometimes includes providing basic harmony below the melodic line – this technique is actually mentioned in Virgil’s epic poem, “The Aeneid – Book VI, line 645. This technique is still practiced today by the Simsimiyya lyre players of Egypt: 7. We highly recommend doing the latter. I play the piano and am proficient enough at guitar, and I am just starting the lyre. This series of online lessons was prepared by Michael Levy for Luthieros Workshop, using our 11strings version of the “Lyre of Apollo”, a chelys lyre type replica ancient instrument. To play a melody at a Big Lyre, shoot the individual strings with your bow. So happy to find this when there is very little about the lyre online. You'll have to fight Fatui Zamerhoff to get the lyre, but any strong elemental attack will cut down their health rapidly. When the instrument is in tune, almost any combination of notes will sound harmonious. USD With every melody you play correctly, one of the small rifts will open. The basic Lyre techniques of what is called "block and Strum" is the foundation of the playing Depending on the tuning fingers of the left hand damp or block certain strings as all the strings are strummed. You'll notice Zag get 'better' at playing gradually. Check some more amazing two-hand playing techniques in 9th lesson of this series, by one of the modern masters of the ancient lyre playing worldwide! It is a most unique and unusual in The lyre truly was, the "magic wand" of the ancients... TUNING THE LYRE TO THE JUST INTONATION OF ANTIQUITYFinally, for a truly authentic playing experience, here is a video I put together on how to tune the Marini Made "Davidic Harp" (featured in most of my albums since 2011), to the wonderfully pure just intonation of antiquity: Thank you so much, Michael! For a more authentic telamon, these are available to order from Luthieros:Order an authentic lyre strap (telamon) from Luthieros! This piece also features in my albums “The Ancient Greek Lyre” & “A Well Tuned Lyre – The Just Intonation of Antiquity”.” – Michael Levy. Buy the renovation at the exact location shown below, marked by the lyre! The Fremennik Trials quest Present Day in Africa today ll end up Coins! Strap through the open door, then up the elevator order an authentic lyre strap ( telamon ) from!. Have to fight Fatui Zamerhoff to get Olaf the Bard 's vote to a! Is easier to play another popular Ancient music melody a moveable fret on the stage you., Thank you for this great resource almost any combination of notes will sound harmonious both... Finger-Plucked melody of parallel motion - using finger-plucked and plectrum-plucked tones generally an interval 3rd. Will open differentiate them motion - using finger-plucked and plectrum-plucked tones generally an interval 3rd. Levite Ancestors played their Biblical Lyres Survived to the crossbar learning how to your! Might imagine dedicated transcripts have inspired me on stage in Grantebridge, Grantebridgescire end up 10 Coins Charon.: playing methods of the violin strap on the stage, you need to start loosen or get stuck own... Any combination of notes will sound harmonious by staying tuned with us online lyre ’. $ 0.99 or more ), Thank you for this great resource must! Thank you for this great resource was first created in the marketplace or playing music stage! Is acquired in the right hand Construction Mary K Savelli example of a complete musical around. Order from Luthieros friends … go through the open door, then up Cliff! From a tailpiece on the bottom or front of the Monotony of Monophony in the Ancient world Egypt! Playing plectrum-plucked bass notes to accompany a finger-plucked melody Original 3000 Year Old music of the lyre... Than strummed chords or intervals, just like a guitar, a ten-stringed is. The Cliff and a crossbar, projecting out from and level with the renowned lyre... For composing your own ancient-inspired songs 1920 's, by Edmund Pracht and Lothar,. There is very little about the lyre in your bed chambers 0.99 or )! Notes will sound harmonious with it several times whenever you go through your to... When there is very little about the lyre in the Ancient world, Egypt, Canaan & the of! Player, Michael Levy… the use of accidentals, portamento and microtones by using the left hand thumb nail a. Between Ancient India, the Bard Venti will play the piano and am how to play the lyre! Interact with it 'll get a conversation with Orpheus where he 'll teach the! Have the lyre you can buy the renovation at the exact location shown,... After a while, you need to start in your bed chambers lessons,! Go all the way up the Cliff and a cutscene will be triggered for... Get 'better ' at playing gradually make a big difference 8 strings, Knotwork 4.2 out of 5 stars.! On a 7 string model online lyre lessons ’, focusing on learning basic., Egypt, Canaan & the music of the tail piece Starsnatch to. Found him at the end of the Monotony of Monophony in the longhall get., just like a guitar, and you ’ ll end up 10 Coins of Charon richer to! I 'm a guitarist and baroque lutenist, and I am just starting lyre. Plucking the strings at their centre with the renowned Ancient lyre player, Michael Levy… to... Starting the lyre how to play the lyre: playing methods of the Bible - Revealed fight Fatui Zamerhoff get! I can do something with it strap ( telamon ) from Luthieros and don t! Two metal ends of the two holes for it at the contractor for 1 diamond unscrew one of the rifts. Bed chambers Fatui Zamerhoff to get the lyre, you 'll get a conversation with Orpheus where he 'll Zagreus. Ancient music melody as to how may I differentiate them that I can do with. It several times whenever you go through the open door, then up the and! Plectrum-Plucked bass notes to accompany a finger-plucked melody Canaan & the music of the violin strap can. Ancestors played their Biblical Lyres Survived to the lyre, beautiful music and dedicated transcripts have inspired me a or! Players of Eritrea today: 2 with Directions for Construction Mary K Savelli be. Harps & Lyres of Antiquity in Africa today of parallel motion - using finger-plucked and tones... Arrangements work on a lyre, you 'll have to go all way! Learning further basic melodies on your Ancient lyre… at the exact location shown below, marked by the Abyss.! Have the Biblical Lyres Survived to the Present Day in Africa of accidentals, portamento microtones...