Teachers wanted to share what was happening with the anti-bias work and created documentation to show the scope and depth of the children’s learning. 2011. “Framework for Anti-Bias Teaching.” Unpublished curriculum tool. Rather, messages about bias and anti-bias are everywhere, everyday. Using its principles and methodology, teachers (and parents who choose to use the book) must recreate anti-bias curriculum in their setting in relation to specific groups of children and families. Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children. Much of the work up until this phase involved observing, reflecting, documenting, and questioning. The teachers at Eliot-Pearson developed a framework to guide their anti-bias work and support their anti-bias planning and practice as they moved forward (Kuh et al. New York: Teachers College Press; Washington, DC: NAEYC. Providing children with initial materials and experiences can support their later engagement with deeper content. The school year culminated in an anti-bias exhibition and gallery walk that was open to the public. Later, 4-year-old Tywanna tells her lunch tablemates, “I’m lucky because my mom is light and my dad is dark and I am in the middle—a mix!” Hearing this, Lisa and her teaching team realize that children are grappling with racial identity. Find a sponsorship opportunity that’s right for you and help support early childhood educators, parents, and other professionals. Multicultural, Anti-bias, & Diversity Activities & Exercises. Contesting Early Childhood series. Contact us with your questions-- we're here to help! Join NAEYC’s team and help us advance the education of young children across the country. How do our own class backgrounds affect perceptions of children, and how might our backgrounds equip us, or not, to support the children as they expand their understanding of these ideas?”. 2010. Anti-Bias Education for Young Children and Ourselves. Ability differences and similarities are part of a conversation that starts on the very first day of school. Revising for bias just means having diverse texts. Once the teachers at Eliot-Pearson considered entry points that identified areas of interest to the children and acknowledged their own feelings, they got down to the business of thinking about potential next steps. Discover the latest research and best practices, and engage with our diverse community of professionals! Teachers shared their thinking with families and colleagues, learning about the values they thought were important. As you are speaking, take each flower and examine it. Margaret’s First- and Second-Grade ClassIn this mixed-age inclusive class, teachers hear children saying things like “That’s not fair! Engage with our policy agendas, advocacy resources, and current initiatives. While she feels excited and nervous as the children explore social class concepts, she also worries about approaching a subject that seems taboo even in adult conversation. ... and suggested activities for talking to students in various grade levels about issues of bias and bigotry. While teaching at the Eliot-Pearson Children’s School at Tufts University, this article’s authors explored what it means to embrace an anti-bias stance every day. Lisa’s Pre-K ClassLisa and the pre-K teaching team review Julian’s coffee photographs and, with his parents’ knowledge and permission, talk with him further to explore the motivation behind his experiment. Identification of entry points is at the beginning of the road map for curriculum planning. Observing children as they have their own “a-ha!” moments—noticing an injustice, developing a new connection to a peer, or building an understanding of the world around them and their own role in making the world a more just place—is inspiring. Listing of additional educational resources related to anti-bias learning for K-12 educators, admininstrators, students and family members. As she explores her own feelings, she wonders, “What role do teachers play that might be supporting and reinforcing ideas of ownership as power? Followers Anti-bias curriculum is an approach to early childhood education that sets forth values-based principles and methodology in support of respecting and embracing differences and acting against bias and unfairness. Anti-bias teaching requires critical thinking and problem solving by both children and adults.” The documentation process involves raising questions and closely documenting children’s experiences. Learn about the collaborative initiative to advance a unified early childhood education profession. It uses an anti-bias lens that focuses and builds children’s awareness from self to friend to neighborhood and community. Research Guides: ECE 2110: Developing Anti-Bias Curriculum: Multicultural Books & Activities For each potential entry point, it is important for educators to identify their feelings related to the antibias issue. Introduce anti-bias education with some music from around the world. It helps children learn to be proud of themselves and their families, respect a range of human differences, recognize unfairness and bias, and speak up for the rights of others (Derman-Sparks & Edwards 2010). Critical Practices for Anti-bias Education is organized into four sections: Instruction, Classroom Culture, Family and Community Engagement, and Teacher Leadership. Teachers at the Eliot-Pearson Children’s School regularly use documentation to make learning visible to children, families, and school visitors (Rinaldi 2006). Learn about our work with governments and NGOs around the world to support young children and their teachers. © National Association for the Education of Young Children, Eliot-Pearson Children’s School: Building an Inclusive Community and Pursuing Social Justice, Our Proud Heritage: Abigail Eliot and Margaret McMillan—Bringing the Nursery School to the United States. Become a leader in your professional association. Donate to help NAEYC advance a strong and dynamic early childhood profession and connect educators to cutting-edge resources. It takes place with the understanding that anti-bias issues raised are not problems to be eliminated, but rather opportunities for teaching and learning. Teachers can take photographs, listen to and record conversations, and observe and videotape children’s play. Visitors could share questions and comments and add their own ideas by responding to several interactive bulletin boards through writing messages on sticky notes. With anti-bias curriculum, these guided experiences might occur by simply mixing various colors of paint before beginning to explore skin colors. Another teacher expressed it this way: “I am a learner too. Professional Development Topic. Develop grassroots efforts advancing early childhood in your community with these tools and resources. Teachers began to look at power as a way to consider acts of sharing and giving (rather than having and holding)—encouraging the children to “use their powers for good.” They developed activities that asked children to think about times when they had used possession or ownership to assert power, and to generate possible solutions to fairly distributing and using classroom resources and materials. Teachers often change the subject when anti-bias topics come up or redirect children to distract them from the topic at hand. This Sesame Street clip: I Love Hairis an excellent conversation starter. Anti-bias teaching requires critical thinking … Rinaldi, C. 2006. In Dialogue With Reggio Emilia: Listening, Researching, and Learning. If you can, gather wigs, scarves, rubb… Anti-bias education involves creating a community that supports all dimensions of human differences, including culture, race, language, ability, learning styles, ethnicity, family structure, religion, sexual orientation, gender, age, and socioeconomic differences. An anti-bias curriculum aims to give all preschoolers a sense of belonging while nurturing respect for diversity. Play songs from different countries and try to find a few instruments from the different songs that they’re not familiar with. She gets an easier sheet than me!,” “Why does he get to use a rocking chair at meeting? Anti-bias Education Goal One is about self and social group identity. They may not know right away how to respond—or whether they even want to explore a particular issue with a group—but the awareness of the topic is an important first step. At the end of the day, have a discussion about how these changes made them feel. Â. an EdChange project by Paul C. Gorski: Home Teachers Corner Workshops & Training Equity Case Studies Awareness Activities Equity Curriculum Equity Awareness Quizzes ... Collaborative Problem-Solving: Case Studies in Education As the kindergartners play, she notes that the children’s attempts to assert themselves often reference possession (“I got it first”), ownership (“That’s mine”), status (“I am the boss”), and cultural capital (“If you don’t know this movie, then you don’t know how to play”). important in a child's life. Ignite and fulfill your professional development goals! Teacher-initiated activities are another starting place for exploring anti-bias curriculum. In doing so, the children move beyond the novelty of color mixing to focus on systematically producing a color close to their own skin. Fun Activities for Anti-Bias Education. Celebrate young children and their families with hands-on activities encouraging movement and healthy lifestyles through music, food, and art.Â. Embracing an anti-bias stance helps teachers to develop innovative practices tailored to the populations they serve. Join us at the members-only event and build your advocacy skills, expand your networks, and advance federal and state early childhood policy. She was also a long-time director/lecturer at the Eliot-Pearson Children’s School at Tufts University. As a result, anti-bias concepts must be a continuous part of the curriculum rather than being presented as occasional "scheduled" activities. Children and teachers spend two meetings telling stories about times when these phrases were used to assert power over others. Margaret and the children create a classroom book documenting these conversations with visitors. Debbie has been an educator for over 45 years and worked with Carolyn Edwards at the University of Massachusetts Lab School from 1986–1993. School Reform Initiative. Children share their diverse abilities with each other by writing comments on sticky notes in response to each other’s pages in the classroom book. Join your professional membership association, explore local Affiliates, and access unbeatable member benefits. One child may Learn about and purchase the best books and resources to support young children's learning and development. I learned that part of our job as teachers is to aid children and families in areas they may be struggling with. Teachers begin keeping track of children’s conversations about race and skin color at play, lunch, meeting, and outdoors. Margaret’s First- and Second-Grade ClassHaving documented classroom learning and shared the anti-bias work with families and school visitors, Margaret and her team now feel more comfortable discussing abilities and addressing unfair language in the classroom. It may be a topic in the media—such as an election, a demonstration, or a film—that draws attention to a particular issue. Margaret’s First- and Second-Grade ClassOver the course of two months, Margaret invites visitors into the mixed-age classroom to teach and share information about many kinds of ability differences. Teachers have to balance planned anti-bias teaching experiences, such as mixing paint to match skin color, with seizing emergent opportunities to engage children by responding to their questions and observations. Say Hello and discuss, network, and connect with our interest forums and online communities.Â. At Eliot-Pearson, the framework helps teachers address ambivalent feelings they have about a topic. Â. Connect with professionals in your community at conferences, networking events, advocacy efforts, leadership opportunities and more! Margaret notes how children are able to take more academic risks and how she differentiates tasks in heterogeneous skill groups more flexibly, often referencing the classroom book when differences arise. Curriculum should be about actively exploring a topic with each other. Would asking students to admit that they are challenged by some assignments be comfortable or productive? A third source is significant events that occur in the children’s communities and the larger world that classroom teachers think need to be explored with children. for an Anti-Bias Approach The four goals for an anti-bias approach are for children across all age groups. Anti-bias education happens in both planned curriculum and natural teachable moments based on children’s conversations and play. An entry point may be something a family brings to a teacher’s attention or something a teacher knows about a family that a child brings to the setting. One teacher admitted, “It is still so hard to set priorities and decide what aspects of all the potential discussions get my attention, air time, group time, and curricular development.” But teachers were adamant that the work was worth the effort. Documentation is crucial in inspiring teachers’ thinking. Support access to high-quality early childhood education programs and opportunities and resources for educators. 2012. Early Childhood Education Series. Children’s comments reveal confusion about what White and Black really mean in relation to skin color. Watch This. Begin the group presentation by talking with the children about the parts of the flowers, the care of plants, and what plants need to grow and to thrive such as healthy soil, water, and the sun. Teacher-initiated activities are a second source of anti-bias activities, based on what classroom teachers and families think is important for children to learn. He says that he is mulatto (a term that refers to someone of mixed race), but because that term has fallen out of favor in the United States, some teachers feel uncomfortable hearing and using it. Turn the activity into a multicultural freeze dance to make it more fun for the kids. Heidi’s Kindergarten ClassWhen Heidi hears kindergartners say, “This is my ramp. Anti-Bias Curriculum Anti-bias education is based on Paulo Freire’s notion of the “practice of freedom” which is “the means by which men and women deal critically and creatively with reality and discover how to participate in the transformation of their world” (Freire, 2000, p. 34). Instead, doing so asks educators to think differently about their work, take personal and professional risks, and put new ideas and beliefs into practice. Heidi’s Kindergarten ClassHeidi struggles with the connections she sees between kindergartners’ play and issues of access, possession, and power present in our society. Stay up-to-date on issues in early childhood education and hear perspectives from a wide range of educators. Lisa’s Pre-K ClassThe preschoolers share their learning by inviting families or children’s caregivers who have come to school to mix paint to match their own skin colors. These comments, while typical of young children, can stop a teacher in her tracks. Margaret worries that by exploring and discussing abilities, children will feel singled out by their differences. Nov 2, 2020 - This board includes Montessori cultural and anti-biased ideas & activities. Stay up to date with research-based, teacher-focused articles on birth to age 8 in our award-winning, peer-reviewed journal. Ask them to describe it. Bookmark Fun Activities for Anti-Bias Education. The teachers decide to work with the class to help children learn language to talk about race together. This “a-ha” moment inspires her to pay close attention to the language and understandings children have about social class, wealth, and privilege. It is the key to eliminating bullying and the only way to end war forever. Children’s comments can sometimes fluster both new and experienced teachers—even those who support equity and diversity in schools. In addition to recognizing entry points educators should understand that their responses to children’s queries don’t have to be instantaneous. How should teachers respond? Would a particular child with obvious physical differences be able to participate in the conversation, or would classmates see him as a mascot for inclusion rather than an equal member of the class? It is equally satisfying to teachers to have taken a risk and stretched our own learning as a means to provide a deeper and more inclusive education for all. February 1, 2016 - 3:30pm CST. A local university student tells the children about her own reading challenges and shares a strategy she uses for tracking words on a page. Discover the benefits of early childhood accreditation, learn about the four step process, find support and resources for your program or login to the accreditation portal. Â. To understand anti-bias education, it may be helpful to reflect on how children learn to see themselves and others in an anti-bias classroom or program. Explore accreditation of early childhood higher education programs, discover the accreditation system standards, and view a list of accredited programs. For example, an activity about skin color, such as mixing paints to find children's individual skin colors, can be included in the frequently used curriculum theme of "I'm Me; I'm Special!" Anti-bias education is a way of teaching that supports children and their families as they develop a sense of identity in a diverse society. One thing that is challenging is waiting and raising my hand.”. Entry points include identifying, provoking, or uncovering themes children are thinking about or demonstrating in their play. They can continue to bring questions to colleagues, using the documentation to ask questions such as “What are these children working on and why?” and “What can I do in my classroom to support children’s exploration and understanding of this topic?”, Initially, the kindergarten teaching team was stuck—unsure about how to explore ideas of possession and power with children this young. The Eliot-Pearson Children’s School’s long-standing commitment to anti-bias education is part of its core values and mission. Those rules are no good. An assistive technology teacher shows the students how some children who are developing expressive language skills use computers to help them communicate their ideas. It’s mine,” “I have the [toy], so I have to be the boss,” and “We should have a rule that the person who has a thing decides the rules for the thing.” Heidi talks to the children about these phrases. Preschool teachers who use an anti-bias curriculum want all students to feel successful and empowered without being saddled with stereotypes or harmful comments. People with a lot of money can go in anywhere they want,” she realizes that children are thinking about issues of ownership, resources, and power. Preschool teachers who use an anti-bias curriculum want all students to feel successful and empowered without being saddled with stereotypes or harmful comments. When I’ve talked to other teachers about revising curriculum for bias, I often encounter one of two ways that people think about this: 1. Children tell us every day via their comments, play, and peer interactions that they notice social issues, are curious about differences, and want more information. Ask children to touch their hair and to look at their hair in the mirror. Anti-bias education happens in both planned curriculum and natural teachable moments based on children’s conversations and play. Anti-Bias Framework. They’re not fair.” Over the next three weeks, kindergartners debate and develop a plan for sharing the bikes and wagons, which includes having a sign-up sheet for sharing vehicles and considering the needs of preschoolers, who are often passengers. Enhance your career and improve your knowledge, skills, and practices with our in-person and online training. This doesn't mean that everything related to every issue of bias is displayed everyday. Tell the preschoolers that anyone wearing that article of clothing at each play area cannot play in that area or use that item. An anti-bias curriculum aims to give all preschoolers a sense of belonging while nurturing respect for diversity. The anti-bias curriculum is an activist approach to educational curricula which attempts to challenge prejudices such as racism, sexism, ableism, ageism, weightism, homophobia, classism, colorism, heightism, handism, religious discrimination and other forms of kyriarchy.The approach is favoured by civil rights organisations such as the Anti-Defamation League. Can I?,” and “I am bad at reading.” Margaret knows that children’s notions of fairness and their perceptions of themselves and others as learners provide entry points to rich conversations. Topics included same-sex parents, skin color and racial identity, class and power, abilities and challenges, and cultural backgrounds. They found that adopting an anti-bias perspective requires more than implementing a few well-meaning activities. Their personal experiences may drive their responses, or they may experience discomfort and ignore the topic altogether. They are also for the adults who raise and teach chil-dren. It might be difficult to know where to start, and there is not always an easy answer. Children also dramatize the Rosa Parks story to talk about White and Black as terms attributed to whole groups of people who really aren’t that exact color, and they discuss the exclusionary practices associated with those terms. Is it part of teaching? anti-bias perspective is integral to all aspects of daily classroom life. ‘A-ha’ Activities for Bias Awareness. Beneke. As they revisit the book, they reflect on the idea that everyone has things they are great at and things they are working on. Discuss w… She is an adjunct professor at Lesley University, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and was an assistant professor at the University of New Hampshire, as well as a teacher, lecturer, and researcher at the Eliot-Pearson Children’s School and Department of Child Development at Tufts University. lisakuh@gmail.com, Debbie LeeKeenan, MEd, is an early childhood consultant and lecturer (www.antibiasleadersece.com) in Seattle, Washington. Does all this belong in the early education setting? This is a private ramp,” and “You can go up any ramp, if you have a lot of money. Revising for bias … Children name their various skin color shades—bologna being the most notable! It bothers her that differentiating curriculum based on children’s skill levels seems to be provoking competition between students, sometimes hindering their self-confidence and willingness to take academic risks. To effectively implement an anti-bias approach that culti-vates the four goals in children’s development, we need to cultivate them in our own development as well. Lisa’s Pre-K ClassFor sharing time, 4-year-old Julian, who is biracial, shows photographs of an experiment he did at home in which he added cream to his mother’s coffee to try to match the color of his own skin. Shift #2: Review my curriculum for evidence of white supremacy culture . 2015. Leading Anti-Bias Early Childhood Programs: A Guide for Change. One year, as a curriculum strategy, each classroom focused on a particular issue related to its group of children. One child writes, “I am great at math problems. Margaret’s First- and Second-Grade ClassMargaret is upset that the children in her classroom are using ability to gain social power. Format: Group Presentation Age: 2.5 – 6 years old Materials Needed: Various types of flower to make a bouquet, vase or ribbon to tie Aim: To introduce children to differences and similarities of various flowers.To identify the beauty in each flower’s uniqueness and the beauty of the flowers coming together in a bouquet. strategies and activities in Celebrate: An Anti-bias Guide to Including Holidays in Early Childhood Programs (Bisson, 2016), and in Anti-bias Education for Young Children and Ourselves (Derman-Sparks & Edwards, 2010). Discussing their feelings about a topic with colleagues can help educators gain clarity about how to manage the curriculum. Then show pictures of how people from around the world use hair to express themselves and their culture. It is important to note that throughout this exploration of anti-bias topics, the teachers at the Eliot-Pearson Children’s School had some key structures in place that were vital to their ability to sustain the hard work of reflective teaching, especially as related to potentially controversial topics. Recommended booklists that accompany the best selling NAEYC (National Association for the Education of Young Children) publication Anti-Bias Education for Young Children and Ourselves. With the children as expert color mixers, the classroom visitors create their skin color, experiencing the expanded vocabulary about race that the children developed. Teachers experiment with different ways to dismiss children at choice times, so that no one “got there first.” Teachers’ efforts to change some classroom structures, in tandem with the plans made for sharing bikes, support teamwork and problem solving in play. Photos: 1, © iStock; 2, courtesy of the authors, Lisa P. Kuh, PhD, is the director of early education for Somerville Public Schools, in Somerville, Massachusetts. In an anti-bias curriculum want all students to feel successful and empowered without being saddled with stereotypes harmful! Different stations or play areas anti bias curriculum activities a classroom book families and colleagues, learning the! Music from around the room at different stations or play areas and try to find a few from. All preschoolers a sense of belonging while nurturing respect for diversity tools they need for specific learning.... And teachers, as well as from historical or current events other equity-related content connect educators to their... And math abilities with each other power over others response to each other’s pages in the media—such an... Reveal confusion about what white and Black really mean in relation anti bias curriculum activities color! 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