Fan trained trees are attractive additions to any garden or outdoor space. An American wild plum tree doesn't exactly look like a tree, but it doesn't exactly look like a shrub, so I'm guessing that pruning has a great deal to do with your tree's appearance. There are two basic types of pruning cuts: Heading cuts are made along a branch at the junction of a bud. Height – 16 to 20 feet (5 to 6 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – rich enough. Plum trees grow fast while young, and require aggressive pruning while dormant through winter. This is a highly undesirable fungal disease that leads to silvering of the leaves and eventually death of the branch. encourages new growth, fragrant flowers and healthy fruits. Prune plum trees before they bloom in late winter. Otherwise, they get overwhelmed with fruit, and too tall to facilitate harvest. “The fall is not the time to learn how to prune. Look for six to nine nice, strong branches that can form that framework. Not all fruiting plants require an annual prune, and some new dwarf cultivars of apples, peaches, apricots and nectarines have been bred to eliminate the need for annual pruning and maintenance. Pruning plum trees - plan a head Hi Carol, All I can say is WOW!! Training and pruning a fan plum tree. Plums are a diverse group of species. Dwarf plum trees require the same type of pruning as standard plum trees although they reach smaller mature sizes. Always use sterilized and sharp pruning shears when you trim. Plum trees need to be pruned for a variety of reasons, but especially because plum trees are at a high risk of developing silver leaf disease, which is a fungal disease that afflicts many plum trees. Young plums are generally pruned in early spring, before bud break, in order to avoid infection by silver leaf disease. from the highest branch. This will be more fruitful in future. When pruning, it is vital to prune the unwanted branch while protecting the stem or trunk wood of the tree. Also, remove suckers, which are those shoots that emerge at the base of the tree. Plum trees are a lovely addition to any landscape, but without proper trimming and training, they can become a burden rather than an asset. wikiHow Quick Video on How to Prune Plum Trees. Prune or pinch side shoots back to two or three buds from the base of the current season’s soft growth. In the case of a large tree where you want to remove big branches in the upper area of the crown, it may be best to hire experts. Pruning Plums If you never pruned your Plum tree it would still crop well but it would just grow large and sprawling. Learn how to trim one and the rest will be easy, as the base principles of pruning are the same. When To Prune . Prune to just above a leaf. The purpose of pruning and training is to encourage tree health and increase fruit yield. Plum trees are best pruned in a vase format to get a short trunk … The manner of pruning must be based on your idea of growing plum trees. From the team at Gardeners' World Magazine. When it's time to prune, remove any dead or diseased branches to keep the tree looking healthy. It is important to prune a one year plum tree as soon as possible to help it establish a good structure. Once you have harvested the plums, remove dead wood and fragile branches. Never prune your plum tree on a damp day; wait for a dryer day to prevent silver leaf disease. Save to My scrapbook. It is a radical pruning in which the trunk (leader) is headed back to about 30 inches tall. Summer Pruning Plum Trees. Prune European Plum Trees to a Central Leader Shape. Winter plum tree pruning should be avoided because it can leave the tree prone to infection by silver leaf disease. A prune can refer to any variety of plum cultivars, usually Prunus domestica also referred to as the European Plum, mostly sold as a dried fruit. Maintenance pruning is performed in winter but not during freezing weather. While pruning plum trees, always remember to remove dead or damaged branches, and those parts that look sick or dying. Fan plum trees are trained against walls or fences in a fan-shape. Before you tackle pruning your fruit trees, ensure you know why you are pruning and that you have the right tools for the job. Pruning Mature Plum Trees. These cuts stimulate growth behind the cut. Find out how to prune your plum tree, below. This means opening up the centre of the tree to let in the light. Plum trees can be prone to silver leaf disease if pruned in winter, so cut them back in summer to encourage the development of bushy growth, which stops them becoming too large and unmanageable. Trimming flowering plum trees is not advised. If you want a bush plum tree in future, you should prune the baby tree three feet above the soil. Leafy summer prunings can be added straight to the compost heap where they’ll rot down quickly. You may purchase fan plum trees as maidens ready for you to train them as a fan, or your tree may already be partly fan trained. The best time to prune the plum tree is from the middle of June until August. 1. Trim the three or four branches immediately below to 10 inches (25 cm.). If you want a bush plum tree in future, you should prune the baby tree three feet above the soil. All young fruit trees need some pruning to get them off to a good start. July and August is the best time to prune plums in most Northern Hemisphere locations. The health of your plum tree depends upon pruning to keep it stimulated. Silver leaf disease is a serious disease that enters the tissues of the tree through open cuts. The earliest pruning done on a plum tree is typically already done at the nursery (to make sure, ask them) before you buy it there in spring; when you get home, all you have to do is plant it. If you want a big plum tree, then pruning should be done four feet above the soil. Mix and match on over 20 varieties of dahlia and pay just £4 per plant. Plum trees grow fast while young, and require aggressive pruning while dormant through winter. If you are wondering how to prune a potted fruit tree, you’ll be happy to hear that it’s not difficult. However, if you want to maximize the number of figs and their size, you should prune a young tree soon after transplanting and twice more during each of the subsequent dormant seasons. If pruning old plum trees this way doesn't kill them, it will assuredly produce unattractive and unproductive new growth. When pruning plums it is important to train the tree into a vase shape. For some reason, many people believe tree pruning in the fall is the perfect time of year, especially where four seasons are present. It is known that over 1000 cultivars of plum are grown for drying and some of the most popular varieties are the improved French prune, Tulare Giant, Sutter, Imperial, Moyer, Greengage and Italian prune. These plums are much softer, juicier, and larger than their European counterparts, though the European plum trees can survive much colder conditions. Why Prune? Pruning a maiden fruit tree after planting to make a half standard: TRANSCRIPT. Japanese plums trees come in a variety of species, such as Satsuma, Santa Rosa, Burbank, Mariposa, and Red Ace. Not all fruiting plants require an annual prune, and some new dwarf cultivars of apples, peaches, apricots and nectarines have been bred to eliminate the need for annual pruning and maintenance. Therefore, learning how and when to prune a plum tree is imperative. How to prune plum trees. Plums trees are easy to grow, and with a little care and attention, produce bumper crops of juicy fruit. At the same time, pruning in winter exposes the tree to fungal infections. Bush and pyramid plums come immediately to mind, fan training is another aspect of pruning whereby the tree is trained against a wall or fence, with horizontal wires to hold the branches. Once you have made the cut, you can rub off the bud directly below the cut. Simply learning the basics of how to prune a plum tree will provide you with the necessary tools for growing a healthy, happy tree and plenty of fruit. Pruning a Central Leader Fruit Tree A central leader tree has one main, upright trunk with whorls of branches, usually beginning 60-90cm above ground, then again every 45-60cm up the trunk. A well pruned tree is easier to maintain and to harvest, and adds esthetic value to the home garden as well, but the primary reason for pruning is to ensure good access to sunlight. How to prune plum trees. The tree is of medium hardiness. European plum trees require much lesser pruning when compared to the Japanese one which have an aggressive growth rate. Instead, you will have to choose between three alternative pruning options. Free-standing fruit trees or bush trees, such as those grown in an orchard should be pruned when they're dormant, in winter. Name – Prunus domestica Family – Rosaceae Type – fruit tree. The answer to that question is simple, prune your plum tree when it's growing strongly and for established plum trees early June to mid July is the best time. Plum trees do not require as precise pruning as apples and pears, but still benefit from initial training and the thinning of old wood to ensure they produce as much fruit as possible. Since gardeners usually choose dwarf cultivars for container planting, potted fruit tree pruning is less arduous. Plum trees are a beautiful addition to any garden or yard, yet pruning them can be difficult. Anyone can trim plums, but timing is important, as is consistency. But that assumption could damage your precious trees or even kill them even mature trees. When you prune in the winter, you revitalize the tree and stimulate growth the following spring, whereas when you do it in the summer, you slow unruly growth and limit the size of the tree. Find out how to prune your plum tree, below. This means opening up the centre of the tree to let in the light. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – March-April Harvest – July to September. Use secateurs to cut back this season’s growth of the main shoots or ‘leaders’ to half their length. To produce healthy fruit, plum trees will benefit from a yearly pruning. Apple trees are among the easiest, and most forgiving, trees to prune, but plums are just as easy. Prune potted figs after fruit ripens or in early spring. In addition, keeping fruit trees well pruned protects against both disease and pest infestations. When pruning, whether young or fruiting trees prune to outward buds to encourage outward growth. Remove fruits that haven’t fallen from the tree – they are often diseased – and destroy them. Pruning your plum tree step-by-step. Remove vertical branching and water shoots’ regularly. Before you tackle pruning your fruit trees, ensure you know why you are pruning and that you have the right tools for the job. Plums need to be pruned in July and August to ensure top-quality fruit is produced consistently each and every season. Pruning fruit trees in containers is generally a breeze when compared with pruning fruit trees in the orchard. Pruning a tree can improve its appearance, prevent pests and disease, and help the tree grow strong and healthy. When your tree is dug up from our fields to be shipped to you, the root ball loses many of its tiny feeder roots, which are needed to absorb moisture and nutrients. All of our fruit trees are guaranteed for one year. Although plum tree pruning is not difficult, it’s important. Pruning a plum tree can serve two purposes, depending on which time of year you do it. Developing a strong foundation is essential to the life of any fruit tree. Thinning fruits can be regarded as the first stage of pruning, as it reduces strain on the branches. Begin pruning immediately when you plant a young tree to ensure a proper shape. When you prune a plum tree depends, in part, on the stage of development of the tree. Begin pruning immediately when you plant a young tree to ensure proper shape. A central wide-angle stem is pruned to 2 1/2 ft from the ground, with several smaller shoots below. Plum tree pruning is a task you only need to do once a year to ensure healthy growth and reduce the chance of any problems from developing. Plum Trees Shapes. Prune three-year-old trees in a similar fashion by trimming the main stem to 18 inches (45.5 cm.) Otherwise, they get overwhelmed with fruit, and too tall to facilitate harvest. Here’s how and when to prune your plum trees. This is a fungal disease of the leaves and wood to which plum, apple, apricot and cherry trees are prone. The time for plum tree pruning depends on the maturity and type of plum tree. 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